lecture_Ch03[1]

lecture_Ch03[1] - Drugs and Behavior Drug Use, Regulation,...

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Drugs and Behavior Drug Use, Regulation, and the Law PSY 291
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Cultural attitudes in the United States blend believes in individuals’ rights to live their lives as they desire with society’s obligation to protect its members from the burden imposed by uncontrolled behavior.
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1) Should U.S. citizens have the right to use mind-altering substances as they desire? 2) Does society have an obligation to protect its members from burdens due to drug use and abuse? 3) Should private morals, common sense, or societal laws determine drug use behavior?
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Guidelines for Controlling Drug Development and Marketing Society has the right to protect itself from the damaging impact of drug use. (protection from drugs’ side effects) Society has the right to demand safe and effective drugs. (drugs should deliver what was promised by the manufacturers)
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Patent Medicines The term patent medicines signified that the ingredients were secret, not patented. The patent medicines of the late 1800s and early 1900s demonstrated the problems of insufficient regulation of the drug industry.
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The 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act Required manufacturers to include on labels the amounts of alcohol, morphine, opium, cocaine, heroin, or marijuana extract in each product Marked the beginning of involvement by the government in drug manufacturing Did not prohibit distribution of dangerous substances
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The Sherley Amendment in 1912 Accuracy of manufacturers’ therapeutic claims was not controlled by the Pure Food and Drug Act. The Sherley Amendment was passed to strengthen existing laws and required that labels should not contain “any statement. ..regarding the curative or therapeutic effect. ..which is false and fraudulent.”
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All non-narcotic drugs were available OTC prior to World War II. The sale and use of Elixir Sulfanilamide led to a tragic accident that killed over 100 people.
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Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (1938) Defined drugs to include products that affect bodily structure or function even in the absence of disease Companies required to file applications with the government showing that new drugs were safe (NOT EFFECTIVE!)
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lecture_Ch03[1] - Drugs and Behavior Drug Use, Regulation,...

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