lecture_Ch07_3[1]

lecture_Ch07_3[1] - Drugs and Behavior Alcohol (Ethanol)...

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Drugs and Behavior Alcohol (Ethanol) – part III PSY 291
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12.5 million alcoholics in United States Alcohol is officially linked to at least half of all highway fatalities. Approximately 50% high school seniors get drunk annually To date, alcohol has been tried by 38.9% of 8th graders, 58.3% of 10th graders, 78.9% of 12th graders, and 83.5% of college students. How Serious Is Alcohol Consumption?
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Survey Americans age 12 and over - Over 50% current drinkers (129 million) - 23% binge drinkers (58 million) - 7 % heavy drinkers (17 million) How Serious Is Alcohol Consumption?
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Teetotaler – person who drink no alcoholic beverages whatsoever Current drinker – at least one drink in the past 30 days; can include binge and heavy use Binge user – five or more drinks on one occasion at least once in the past 30 days; can include heavy use Heavy user – five or more drinks on the same occasion at least 5 times in the past 30 days How Serious Is Alcohol Consumption?
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FIGURE 8.03A: Current, binge and heavy alcohol use among persons by race/ethnicity, 2005. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). How Serious Is Alcohol Consumption? 56.2 41.9 43.3 37.3 37.0 47.5 43.2
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Source: SAMHSA. NSDUH Series H-36, DHHS Publication No. SMA 09- 4435.
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How Serious Is Alcohol Consumption? Estimated spending for healthcare services for alcohol problems and medical consequences of alcohol: $18.8 billion. An estimated $82 billion was lost in potential productivity due to alcohol and other drug use.
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Defining Alcoholism: World Health Organization (WHO) definition: “Alcohol dependence syndrome is characterized by a state, psychic and usually also physical, resulting from drinking alcohol. This state is characterized by behavioral and other responses that include a compulsion to take alcohol on a continuous or periodic basis to experience its psychic effects and sometimes to avoid the discomfort of its absence; tolerance may or may not be present” (NIAAA, 1980).
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Defining Alcoholism: Second Definition “Alcoholism is a chronic behavioral disorder manifested by repeated drinking of
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This note was uploaded on 12/03/2011 for the course PSY 291 taught by Professor Michalkraszpulski during the Fall '11 term at Wright State.

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lecture_Ch07_3[1] - Drugs and Behavior Alcohol (Ethanol)...

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