lecture_Ch10_1[1]

lecture_Ch10_1[1] - Drugs and Behavior Stimulants part I...

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Drugs and Behavior Stimulants – part I PSY 291
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General Drug Classes Stimulants - Increase energy, alertness, pulse rate and blood pressure - Ex. Cocaine, amphetamines, caffeine, tobacco Depressants - Sedatives; Relieve stress & anxiety - Ex. Barbiturates, Benzodiazepines, alcohol Hallucinogens / Psychedelics - Alter perceptions, thoughts, feelings - Ex. LSD, PCP
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Major Stimulants All major stimulants cause increased alertness, excitation, and euphoria; thus these drugs are referred to as “uppers” - Schedule I (“designer” amphetamines) - Schedule II (amphetamine and cocaine) Minor stimulants Xanthines (in order of potency) - Caffeine (coffee, tea, kola nuts, maté leaves) - Theophylline (tea) - Theobromine (chocolate)
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IMPORTANT!!! IT WILL BE ON THE EXAM!!! NOT
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Amphetamines Cause dependence due to their euphoric properties and ability to eliminate fatigue. Can be legally prescribed by physicians. Abuse occurs in people who acquire their drugs by both legitimate and illicit ways.
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History of Amphetamines First synthesized in 1887 by L. Edeleano. In 1927, Gordon Alles gave a firsthand account of its effects. - Reduced fatigue - Increased alertness - Caused a sense of confident euphoria In 1932 inhalers with amphetamine (benzedrine) became available as a nonprescription medication as nasal decongestants and became widely abused for their stimulant properties.
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History of Amphetamines Benzedrine removed 1949 Other amphetamine-like products removed from shelves in 1971 In the early days used for many things: - obesity, alcoholism, depression, schizophrenia, narcotic addictions, hiccups, etc.
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History of Amphetamines Widely used in to counteract fatigue in: - World War II (black market grew) - Korean War - High pressure/achiever fields: Air Force, College students, Truck drivers
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History of Amphetamines Prescription use for weight loss Height of U.S. epidemic in 1967 - 31 mil. prescriptions just for anorexiants (drugs that suppress the activity of the brain’s appetite center, causing reduced food intake)
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lecture_Ch10_1[1] - Drugs and Behavior Stimulants part I...

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