lecture_Ch10_2[1]

lecture_Ch10_2[1] - Drugs and Behavior Stimulants part II...

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Drugs and Behavior Stimulants – part II PSY 291
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Major Stimulants “Designer” amphetamines (Schedule I) Amphetamine (Schedule II) Cocaine (Schedule II) Minor stimulants Xanthines (in order of potency) - Caffeine (coffee, tea, kola nuts, maté leaves) - Theophylline (tea) - Theobromine (chocolate)
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Coca – a bush growing in the Andes ( Erythroxylon coca ) Cocaine – the active chemical in the coca plant
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History of cocaine The first cocaine era - ~ 5000 B.C. South American Indians in the Andes chew coca leaves - Holding a ball of coca leaves almost continually in the mouth. - No known social problems related to cocaine - Slow oral administration cause less potent effect than pure cocaine and less likely cause serious dependence.
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History of cocaine The second cocaine era (19th century) - Different chemists purified white powder from coca leaves and experimented with it. - Angelo Mariani used coca extract in many products - Vin Mariani – Bordeaux with coca extract - Cocaine – drug that free body from fatigue, lift spirits, cause the sense of well-being, etc. - Medal from Pope, appreciation from royal families, aristocracy, etc.
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Queen Victoria William McKinley, US President Alphonse XIII, King of Spain George I, King of Greece Alexandre Dumas Arthur Conan Doyle Thomas Edison Jules Verne
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History of cocaine The second cocaine era (19th century) - Coca-Cola – non-alcoholic version of French Wine Coca, by 1906 cocaine was substituted with caffeine. - Cocaine use for local anesthesia - Sigmund Freud – magical drug for many medical problems (depression, morphine dependence, digestive disorders). - 1914 Harrison act classified cocaine and coca as narcotics and outlawed their uncontrolled use.
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The third cocaine era (began1980s) - Glamorous drug of celebrities – use by prominent actors, athletes, musicians became common knowledge. - Misinformation by media – as recently as the early 1980s cocaine was not believed to cause dependency. -
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lecture_Ch10_2[1] - Drugs and Behavior Stimulants part II...

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