lecture_Ch11[1]

lecture_Ch11[1] - Drugs and Behavior Tobacco PSY 291...

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Drugs and Behavior Tobacco PSY 291
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Tobacco There are over 60 different species of tobacco. Nicotiana tabacum is the primary species of tobacco cultivated in US. Mature tobacco leaves are 1 – 2.5 feet long. Nicotine content varies from 0.3% to 7%, depending on variety, leaf position on the plant, and growing conditions. About 25% of tobacco in a cigarette comes from reconstituted sheets made from tobacco scraps.
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History of Tobacco Use Almost all native people from Paraguay to Quebec used tobacco 6000 BC – first known cultivation of the tobacco plant Mayans: tobacco smoke as "divine incense” Aztecs used tobacco in folk medicine and religious rituals
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History of Tobacco Use Native Americans used tobacco in every known manner: cigars cigarettes (wrapped in corn husks) syrup to swallow chewed snuffed administered rectally
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“The Spaniards upon their journey met with great multitudes of people, men and women with firebrands in their hands and herbs to smoke after their custom.” Christopher Columbus’ journal, 6 November 1492 History of Tobacco Use
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History of Tobacco Use 1531 – European settlers begin tobacco cultivation at Santo Domingo 1558 – Tobacco plant brought to Europe, from where it was introduced into Turkey and Middle East 1560 – Portuguese and Spaniards ship tobacco to East Africa, from where it spread to Central and West Africa <1600 – Tobacco introduced to China, Japan, India
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History in America Tobacco played a significant role in the successful colonization of the United States Virginia colony had economical success by starting a tobacco industry . Chewing and snuffing predominated until the turn of the 20th century Cigars became popular in early 1800s Around 1920 cigarette consumption started to dominate
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Modern Government Regulation 1964—the Advisory Committee to the U.S. Surgeon General reported that cigarette smoking is related to lung cancer 1970—warnings on cigarette labels 1984—4 distinct warnings to be rotated every 3 months
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In 1998, 47 states reached an agreement with 5 major tobacco companies to pay a settlement of over $200 billion. Limitations on advertising Ban on cartoon characters in advertising Ban on “branded” merchandise Limitations on sponsoring of sporting events Disbanding of tobacco trade organizations Funds designated to support anti-smoking measures and research to reduce youth smoking Master Settlement Agreement
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Granted the FDA the broad authority to regulate tobacco products . The primary goal – to use the best available science to guide the development and implementation of effective public health strategies to reduce the burden of illness and death caused by tobacco products . Tobacco products
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This note was uploaded on 12/03/2011 for the course PSY 291 taught by Professor Michalkraszpulski during the Fall '11 term at Wright State.

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lecture_Ch11[1] - Drugs and Behavior Tobacco PSY 291...

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