Chap5 - Chapter 5: Creating a Professional Theatre...

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Chapter 5: Creating a Professional Theatre Elizabethan England, Italian Commedia dell’Arte, and Seventeenth-Century France Renaissance : revived interest in classical theatre of Greece and Rome Decree in 1558 : plays on religious and political subjects banned New subjects : classical literature, historical chronicles, legends Patronage : church and state withdraw support; theatre becomes commercial enterprise
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Commercial Theatre Professional Groups: Had to perform often Had to have a large stock of plays to sustain audience interest Had to play in space large enough to accommodate sizeable paying audience; had to be able to control access to space Had to control all production elements Had to assemble company that could work full time
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Commercial Theatre Professional Groups: Acting was not considered an acceptable profession Because acting did not fit into the guild system, actors were considered “masterless men” Companies petitioned noblemen to serve as patrons Patronage legitimized companies to an extent Patrons provided little financial support Companies had to be licensed Plays had to be approved
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Elizabethan Theatre Prominent Playwrights: William Shakespeare (1564-1616) Thomas Kyd Christopher Marlowe Ben Jonson John Fletcher John Webster
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Elizabethan Theatre Companies: Always 2 to 4 active companies in/around London (1580s- 1642) Performed 6 days per week in the afternoon Usually changed bill every day During the 1590s, a London company averaged a new play every 17 days Average life of play = 10 performances Writers sold plays to companies for one-time fee
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The Globe Theatre Used by Shakespeare’s company after 1599 Round with exterior diameter of 99 ft. 3 levels of roofed galleries enclosing open space The yard = open space enclosed by galleries; 74 ft. in diameter The stage = 41 ft. 3 in. wide x 24 ft. 9 in. deep x 5-6 ft. above yard ; extended to middle of yard; viewed from 3 sides
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The Globe Theatre Roof sheltered stage = “the heavens” or “the shadows” Back of stage platform = multilevel façade with 2 doors Take a virtual tour of the reconstructed Globe Theatre.
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This note was uploaded on 12/07/2011 for the course THE 1000 taught by Professor Chu during the Spring '10 term at Santa Fe College.

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Chap5 - Chapter 5: Creating a Professional Theatre...

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