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WEEK 12 TERMS--Scientific Revolution

WEEK 12 TERMS--Scientific Revolution - EUH 2001 Terms and...

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EUH 2001 Terms and Outline WEEK 12::”And yet it does move!”: The Scientific Revolution Intro: “Pillars of Hercules” I. Astronomy Medieval: geocentric (Ptolemaic) Empyrean Heaven A. Early challengers Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres, 1543 Heliocentric B. Second wave astronomers Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) Tycho Brahe (1546-1601) “music of the spheres” 3 laws of planetary motion Unanswered questions: what are planets made of? How does motion occur? C. Third wave astronomers Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) The Starry Messenger, 1610 Inquisition: “The intention of the Holy Spirit is not to teach us how the heavens go, but how to go to heaven” Dialogue on the Two Chief World Systems:Ptolemaic and Copernican 1632 Simplicio, Sagredo, and Salviati Theory of motion D. Fourth wave astronomers (Sir) Isaac Newton (1642-1727) Isaac Barrow Woolsthorpe Calculus Principia (Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy) 3 laws of motion (Book I), applied to astronomy (Book III) Significance?
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