WEEK 15 TERMS--Enlightenment

WEEK 15 TERMS--Enlightenment - Philosophes, Voltaire, Denis...

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EUH 2001 Terms and Outline WEEK 15:: “Out of a state of nature”: The Enlightenment I. Economy—Agriculture and Rural Life A. England—enclosure movement matures B. Continent—serfdom prevails, some areas of improvement Netherlands, Paris basin, NE France, German Rhineland, Po Valley II. Government A. “Enlightened Absolutism” in E/C Europe Frederick II (Prussia)—“first servant of the state” Catherine the Great (Russia)—Legislative Commission Joseph II (Hapsburg Empire)—agrarian reforms B. Constitutional Monarchy Æ Rebellion Queen Anne (d. 1714), King George I (d. 1727), King George II (d. 1760) King George III (d. 1820) Rebellion in North America III. Thought and Culture A. Natural History— G. L. Buffon, French Botanical Gardens, Natural History of the Earth (1749-1778) B. Religion—legitimize, critique 1. Toleration-- Pierre Bayle 2. Deism—Voltaire, “an infamous thing” C. Philosophy—
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Unformatted text preview: Philosophes, Voltaire, Denis Diderot 1. intellectual freedom 2. social sciences 3. political liberties Montesqieu, The Spirit of the Laws (1748) D. KnowledgeDiderot, Encyclopedia Mission? Impact? E. Jean-Jacques Rousseau 1. What is morality? Conscience and virtue Julie, Emile Mary Wollstonecraft, Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) 2. What is good government? Social Contract (1762) the sovereign general will The individual will be forced to be free F. Popular and High Culture 1. Travel grand tour Coffeehouses / taverns 2. Republic of Letters Salons, academies 3. Literacy/Publishing The Female Spectator The Gentlemans Magazine London Chronicle bad books The Scandalous Chronicles 4. Literature and Music Novel SymphonyAustria Franz Joseph Haydn Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Ludwig van Beethoven 5. Popular versus High Culture?...
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This note was uploaded on 12/07/2011 for the course EUH 2001 taught by Professor Staff during the Summer '10 term at Santa Fe College.

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WEEK 15 TERMS--Enlightenment - Philosophes, Voltaire, Denis...

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