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Unformatted text preview: AMY 10 STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM #3 This exam will be held on Monday, January 26 at the beginning of class and will cover Chapter 6 ( Muscles) and part of Chapter 7. Questions will be derived from text readings, Powerpoints and lecture or class presentations. The following is a list of questions that you can use as a guide to help you study for this exam. Chapter 6 and 7 PowerPoints are posted on my website. Remember that we cover on part of chapter 7. There will be both multiple choice and matching questions on this exam. Chapter 6 : Muscles ( Text Reading; Sections of chapters EXCEPT ( Graded verses Full Muscle Responses) AND We Selected Muscles To be Studied ( last Class). Describe the similarities and differences of the three types of muscles both in their structure and function. What are the components of the muscular system? Define. Recogonize and realize the role of the connective tissue layers found in skeletal muscle. :endomysium, perimysium and epimysium. What is a tendon ? What is an aponeurosis? Know the structure of skeletal muscle: the structure of a one cell, the fibril, filiaments actin and myocin and the sarcomere. Muscle contraction: How does this happen? Where? What is the neuromuscular junction? What is the role of a motor neuron? A synapse? A synaptic vesicle ? neurotransmitter? Action potential? Receptors for Ach? What about the Sarcoplasmic reticulum; Its role in skeletal muscle contaction? Calcium ions? The T‐
tubules? What kind of molecules are Myosin and Actin? How is Myosin powered? What is Creatine Phosphate? Compare and Contrast aerobic with anaerobic respiration. How does this affect muscle contraction? Muscle fatique? Oxygen debt? What do we mean be a muscle’s ORIGIN ? Its INSERTION? What are antagonistic muscles? Be able to identify muscles we listed in class. Know the types of motion we listed also. Selected Homeostatic Inbalances: Botulism, Muscular Dystrophy, Myastenia Gravis Nervous System ‐PART I ( Chapter 7; Text Reading: Read through structure of neuron ; stop at NERVE IMPULSES…for this exam.) Although you should know the picture with synapse and what a neurotransmitter is, we will cover the nitty‐ gritty of the AP on Monday. But know what we covered in class. List the general functions of the Nervous System What is the central nervous system? What is the Peripheral Nervous System? Compare and Contrast AFFERENT and EFFERENT pathways with respect to the Nervous System. What is sensory input? Integration ? motor output? What is a receptor? An effector? Name the parts of the Nervous System: Subcatogorize to Parasympathetic and Sympathetic. Give a brief function for these parts. What are the Neuroglia? Their role in CNS and PNS? Know the cells and their specific functions. Know the Anatomy of a General Neuron What is a ganglion? Compare and contrast multipolar neuron, bipolar neuron and unipolar neuron. Where can we find each of these types of neurons? Which one is most commonly found ? ...
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- Winter '09