psychoactivedrugs - The Use and Abuse of Psychoactive Drugs...

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The Use and Abuse of Psychoactive Drugs
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Drugs: Chemicals other than food intended to affect the structure and function of the body
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The First Drugs Came from Plants Plants were used in early humans in two ways: Religious Cereronies ( People believed that be consuming the drug they could communicate with God) A Plant or its extract was used Medicinally
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Active Ingredient The part of the plant for pharmalogical effect is called the ACTIVE INGREDIENT Examples: Morphine and Codeine are Active Ingredients of the plant Opium They are NARCARTIC analgesics
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Pretty Flowers Give Heart Medicine Digitalis (Otherwise Known as Foxglove) The active ingredient here is Digitoxin , a heart medicine.
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Peyote
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Peyote: A Trip Known to the Aztecs , who considered this hallucinogen a divine messenger. In 1692, Indians established the mission El Santo de Jesus Peyotes Slice and Dry Buttons/ 4-12 are ingested At ritual…Period of meditation followed by periods of nausea and vomiting BUT they would see>>> VISIONS of Kaleidoscopes of jewels ( Lasts 6-10 hours)
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What are psychoactive drugs? Any drug that alters your state of mind. Your perceptions. Your experience. Natural or man-made
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Cannabis sativa
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PCP
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Animal Sources Too Best and Banting discovered they could make dogs diabetic by surgically removing their pancreases Then curing the dogs by injecting them with extracts from the pancreas ie. Insulin. BEEF and PORK pancreas are sources for most of insulin sold today.
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Drug Abuse Drug Abuse involves behavior addiction as well as chemical addiction. Psychoactive Drug- a drug that alters one’s state of consciousness or can causes intoxication. Addictive Behavior - are behaviors that have gotten out of control , with resulting negative effects on one’s health. All psychoactive drug are addictive because of the way they work in the brain.
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Why Study Drugs In Health Science? Mainly to Become Aware of the Drug Addiction that may result from some drugs.
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Who is susceptible ? Anyone who has an addictive personality. Habits that get out of control. Negative impact on health. Moral weakness v. brain biochemistry. Actions increase tolerance. Yes, some people have more genetic predispositions to addictions!
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Addictive Behavior Reinforcement- gives person pleasure Compulsion or craving- person feel need to do it again Loss of control- Persons often denies he has problem Escalation- person gives more time to behavior Negative Consequences-interferes w/ life
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Why Teach About Drug Use? 1 . Drugs Can Be Addictive 2. Drugs Can Cause Negative Side Effects Some with Short-Term Use Most with Long-Term Use We Don’t Know All of the Long-Term Consequences of Many of the Drugs. 3
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psychoactivedrugs - The Use and Abuse of Psychoactive Drugs...

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