weightmanagement - Weight Management Risk Factors for CVD...

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Weight Management
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Risk Factors for CVD Established By American Heart Association . Tobacco Use 2. High Blood Pressure 3. Unhealthy Cholesterol Levels 4. Physical Inactivity 5. Obesity 6. Diabetes
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What Percentage o f Americans are Overweight?
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WHAT’S HAPPENING??? About 65%, including 30% who are obese. The rate of obesity among adults has increased more than 75% since 1990.
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Our Latest Obesity Epidemic One-third of children and teens — about 25 million kids — are overweight or on the brink of becoming so. All are at an increased risk of developing diabetes, high cholesterol and other health problems .
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Do You Drink A Lot of Calories? Most are drinking a lot of soda and other sugary drinks. "I calculate the calories they get from drinks, and it's often 500 calories or more a day. Just by cutting those out, they can lose a pound a week."
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What Happened To the Kids That Play Outside? Some have mothers and fathers who don't want to say "no" to them when it comes to food or TV and computer time, she says. "I worked with an overweight boy whose parents estimated he watched 10 hours of TV a day."
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A Recent Nutritionist Said: Some families don't seem to know how to plan and make healthful meals, Ayoob says. "This is a generation of young parents who may have grown up on a lot of high-calorie take-out food, processed snacks and few fruits and vegetables If they grew up that way, those are the eating habits they're going to teach their kids."
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Parents Need to Be Role Models in Nutrition . Moms and dads may want their kids to eat more fruits and vegetables, but they aren't eating enough themselves
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Body Compos ition Es s ential Fat Storage Fat
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Lipids in nerve (myelin coats nerve axons), brain, heart, lung, liver, mammary glands, cell membranes. 3% body weight in men 12% body weight in women Essential Fat
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Adipose tissue Subcutaneous (below skin) Also around some major organs How much you have? Based on…. . gender, age, heredity, metabolism, diet, activity level Storage Fat
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Percent body fat more important than actual weight. . from a health perspective
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Energy balance : Working toward a healthy fat ratio
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Energy input (food, calories) Energy use Resting metabolism (55-75%) Food digestion ( 5-15%) Physical activity (10-40%) Storage of excess as fat
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Energy balance equations: Energy in = energy out…. . maintains current weight Energy in > energy out…. . weight gain (store fat) Energy in < energy out…. . weight loss (burn fat) Variables for these equations are energy input and physical activity
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What is RMR? Resting Metabolic Rate
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This note was uploaded on 12/08/2011 for the course HES 1 taught by Professor Dianeolin during the Fall '11 term at Riverside Community College.

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weightmanagement - Weight Management Risk Factors for CVD...

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