review for soc test 2 - Chapter 2 o Social stratification-...

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Chapter 2 o Social stratification- society’s system of ranking categories of people in a hierarchy o Social classes- categories of people who have similar access to resources and opportunities o Income- salary or wages from a job plus earnings for investments and other sources o Wealth- the value of all economic assets minus debts o Cultural Capital- skills, values, attitudes, and schooling that increase a person’s chances of success o Poverty Line- a standard set by the gov for the purpose of counting the poor o Poverty Gap- the difference between the actual income of the typical poor household and the official poverty line o Underclass- poor people who live in areas with high concentrations of poverty and limited opportunities for schooling or work o Social welfare programs- organized efforts by the gov, private organizations, or individuals to assist needy people considered worthy of assistance Chapter 4 o Sex- the biological distinction between females and males o Gender- the personal traits and life chances that a society links to being
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review for soc test 2 - Chapter 2 o Social stratification-...

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