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GRADED PROJECTVeterinarians and the ethical dilemmas they face in Equestrian Sport in the UKVeterinarians play an essential part in the medical care of sports horses both during and inbetween competitions. However, the typical veterinarian to client relationship that exists betweenhorse and doctor is altered significantly due to third-party involvement. Such interference can lead to distinctive ethical dilemmas in the related veterinary practice and encounters with the regulatory elements and their involvement in the situation. In safeguarding the welfare of the horses as well as the integrity of their profession they must ensure that the treatment of these horses is evidence-based and not economically driven. [ CITATION Mad13 \l 1033 ]. It is suggested that major ethical dilemmas take place both during and in between competitions. Some of these dilemmas are the conflicts of responsibility, the need for an evidence base for treatment, and the debate between the needs for client confidentiality and the need to share data in order to increase the chances of animal welfare[ CITATION Mad13 \l 1033 ]. Such complications often lead to veterinarians finding themselves in difficult spots in terms of how to handle a situation ethically while maintaining a healthy relationship of the client with the third party responsible for and funding the client[ CITATION Myr06 \l 1033 ]. Veterinarians need to identify when use becomes abuse, certain standards must be put into place to do so. In equine sports, use becomes abuse when the risk is not minimized to the fullest extent possible, and when avoidable suffering is allowed [ CITATION nd1 \l 1033 ]. The veterinarian, in this case, has to adhere to his or her duty as a vet to maximize the welfare of the competing horse he or she is in charge of without ignoring the owners, managers, or trainers of the horse, and their interest in keeping the horse competing. So the problem boils down to business ethics coupled with interests of the stakeholders in sports related to horses, and the ethical dilemmas faced by the veterinarians who are treating these horses [ CITATION Mad13 \l 1033 ]. The 1
GRADED PROJECTgreater or more famous the competition, the higher the stakes and the higher the responsibility ofthe vet to balance and recommend.For elite-level competitions, regulatory bodies have defined certain procedures and rules to follow for the veterinarians involved in treating horses during competitions. Appropriate