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midtermstudyguide - Anthropology - anthropos: human,...

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Anthropology - anthropos: human, humanity logia: study of - concerned w/ the human condition, infuences that effect behavior/choices study of shared and diverse ways we are and become human explores influence of biological, hisotircal, linguistic and cultural heritages on human ways of being Four Fields of Anthropology 1. biological – evolution of humans, psychology, etc. 2. archeological – past human civilization through remains 3. linguistic – human communication and language 4. socio-cultural – contemporary social aspect of human cultures ← Subfields of Socio Cultural Anthropology (?) Ethnography - ethnos: a people, community, nation graphy: writing all practices, methods, and forms of analysis that provide a “portrait of a people” end result of ethnographic research in the form of a written text - founded upon long-term fieldwork Similarity & Difference - interpretation and its limits (certain social expectations and unexpectances) - what we think are true are perspectives – constantly chalenged Familiar & Strange - “the reduction of the exotic to the familiar” – Malinowsk o Also make the familiar strange – question why everyone behave certain way – conditioned by certain expectations/assumptions - Making the familiar strange, and the strange familiar Taken for Granted Our unquestioned everyday (“ordinary”) experience of the world - How do we come to take our existence for granted? What happens when the taken- for-granted is challenged? Estrangement Moment when have to confront other way of being and reflect upon it – where we are forced to examine our taken-for-granted assumptions - Use our own behavior/interactions to study others’ Fieldnotes & Ethnographic Writing - To remember - To understand and reflect through narrative (coming to know what has happened) - To “see” anthropologically (transforming your subjectivity) - Participating (and observing) in order to write Participant Observation - Long term engagement in the rhythms of a community’s everyday life, routines, and events - Observing what goes on in those engagements (including one’s own actions and reactions) Participant Observers Paradox
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- The more intensely you participate the harder it is to observe - The more intensely you observe the harder it is to participate Too Little/Too Much Knowledge Paradox - w/ too little knowledge you don’t know how to ask a relevant question - w/ too much knowledge you may not see a need to question at all Key Methods in Socio Cultural Anthropology - participant observation, everyday conversations, semi-structured interviews, life history interviews, group interviews, video doc of interactions/events, free-listing & card sorting, genealogical method, surveys, archival research, mapping, etc. Emic & Etic
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This note was uploaded on 12/08/2011 for the course ANTHRO 9 taught by Professor Yan during the Fall '08 term at UCLA.

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midtermstudyguide - Anthropology - anthropos: human,...

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