methods book report

methods book report - Jamie Rosenkrantz 11/21/11 Methods...

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Jamie Rosenkrantz 11/21/11 Methods There were a variety of methods that Roth used in Selling Women Short that helped support her claim of gender discrimination in the workforce. Through selective interview processes, a sampling of MBA grads from 1991-93, a combination of both men and women represented helped to shape her results. Roth spent a period of a few months gaining insight into the lives of many different MBA graduates who share a varied perspective of working on Wall Street. In order to obtain comparable samples of men and women who have MBA backgrounds, Roth had to create lists and got in contact with perspective interviewees through various sources. By using both quantitative and qualitative methods, Roth gained the proper background and knowledge she needed to complete her study. Her claims of the unequal treatment of men versus women working on Wall Street became acknowledged through the variety of data she collected. The study began with three questions she raised relating to Wall Street and their pay. She wanted to know “How does Wall Street’s system of pay for performance allow gender inequality to persist? How do some women manage to become highly successful on Wall Street? And what can we learn from the Wall Street case about gender inequality more generally?” (Roth 2006: 197). Through asking these broad questions, she needed to find a focus group that could help her answer them. The gender inequality that is evident on Wall Street and companies pay different amounts based on performance evaluations. Her study uncovered why performance evaluations for women negatively affected their pay. Roth decided to take a grounded theory approach as part of her method. “The basic idea of the grounded theory approach is to read (and re-read) a textual database (such as a corpus of field notes) and “discover” or label variables (called categories, concepts and properties) and their interrelationships” (Borgatti). Through her interviews she was able to observe their behavior and interactions to help shape the interviewees overall experiences. By taking solid field notes while on the interview, she can use that to include in her data and methods. Once she had her sampling groups picked out, she was able to used placement reports and alumni information from graduate schools of business to contact potential interviewees. “Because of the firms of interest hire the majority of their incoming associates from the top MBA programs, I drew my sample from the
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methods book report - Jamie Rosenkrantz 11/21/11 Methods...

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