Paper - Theory

Paper - Theory - Theory Roth identifies her hypotheses...

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Theory Roth identifies her hypotheses early on in the book. First, she sets out to prove that the experiences of the subjects reveal how opportunity is institutionally structured. What she means by this is that opportunity is not necessarily based upon qualifications or luck. It structured so that only certain groups of people, in this case white males, have access to the opportunity of working in high paying jobs on Wall Street. She also wants to show how the experiences of her subjects reveal how gender inequalities within Wall Street jobs persist despite a market that discourages discrimination. Though the companies and corporations may advertise that they do not discriminate against employees, a gender pay gap still exists. Roth was motivated by the historical discrimination against women on Wall Street. Women did not really even enter Wall Street as professionals until the 1970s, and during this time they were frequently told that they would make less than men. This was before Title VII, which prohibits gender discrimination in hiring and promotions. In 1978, the Pregnancy Discrimination Act was passed preventing discrimination against pregnant women. However, even with all of these laws to help eliminate discrimination on the basis of gender, the problem still persists. Women are still paid less than men on Wall Street and in the labor market in
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Paper - Theory - Theory Roth identifies her hypotheses...

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