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Unformatted text preview: Rht 096
Social unrest in the country and specifically
Chicago led to worker’s protests. Factory
made them work well over eight hours a
Wk 2 Haymarket cont.
Workers at McCormick Reaper Plant
organized a mild strike. The police arrived
and causalities ensued.
A formal meeting was called in Haymarket
Square soon after for the poor immigrant
workers in Chicago to meet to discuss
working Haymarket cont.
The immigrants, hired to work in
intolerable conditions, often could not
speak or write English well.
The meeting was held and different
nationalities were allowed to exchange
ideas through translation
ideas Haymarket cont.
Once the mayor and the five main
organizers of the meeting left, the police
stormed the crowd. In the midst of the
commotions, a pipe bomb was thrown and
8 policemen were killed
The five organizers were blamed, labeled
socialists and anarchists, even though
they were innocent
they End of the Story
Worldwide publicity and their innocence
did not sway the judge to go along with
business leaders and the men were hung.
In 1893 they were pardoned.
In 1893 they
In 1938 the official act declaring an eight
hour workday was enforced.
Unity: they must come
together for they have the
Support: they must seek
help to end the problem
Organization: they must
have a formal structure to
change the problem. Unity: writers must
realize that despite
they have same problem
if enrolled in Rht 096
Support: Must find
reasons to support ideas
and develop a thesis
structure in essays, there
is no way to be clear.
abstractly. No order Clustering
Slight order. Outlining
order How you think affects how you write.
Decide which type of prewriting matches
the way you look at problems at things in
If you try to prewrite an essay by using a
technique different from this, you will be
approach if they ask
personal questions is
different then if they
Perception of reader is
different if the topic is
introduced and he or
she knows what you
are writing about
Structure of first paragraph:
1. statement of fact
2. statistic (shows amount, measurable)
4. thesis with three reasons or examples.
Always make sure all paragraphs are 4 sentences
in Match it!
The three reasons in your
thesis match the three
reasons in each of main
Thesis with reason 1,
reason 2, and reason 3.
Reason 1 should be what
the second paragraph of
essay is about.
I. Introduction/Thesis with 3
II. body paragraph about
reason 1 of thesis
III. body paragraph about
reason 2 of thesis
IV. body paragraph about
reason 3 of thesis
V. Conclusion What is a thesis?
The main idea of the
essay Contains opinion word (best, only, should,
Shows a need for development or
Just as you expect a stranger to introduce
themselves before you meet, you expect
some kind of conclusion as you part.
If someone announced at a family dinner
that they were engaged, all the people
present would not just get up and leave
Wk. 3 Narrative
• Beginning: introduces
event, person, subject
• Middle: develops the
main characters and
• End: concludes and
says why the event,
etc. was important
Wk. 4 Technique
• first person
• possibly some
dialogue, but not
• description: five
Audience: who are you writing for?
Purpose: what makes this story so important?
Accuracy: don’t leave out steps, time frames
Detail: the reader can only be there if they see,
hear, taste, smell, and touch just like you did.
hear, Illogical Shifts
Subject verb agreement is a common error
Who tells the story?
How does it move through time? Time
Locate Subjects and verbs. who is the
person/place/thing doing main action?
Verbs do not follow subjects
are not adjectives
are not in prepositions
can be verbs functioning as nouns The Fragment
Thought process Writing process Tendency for the writer to
let their thoughts become
choppy. Lacks subject, verb, or both Focus on the person or
thing doing the action and
not the action connected
not Often results in the writer
losing place in the work
Types: phrase, dependent,
phrasal and dependant
phrasal Types of Fragments
Combination Fixing fragments
Think of how the sentence exists in terms
of place or time. Signal words in sentence
will lead you to the fragment.
There are words to connect ideas and
without them, sentence is run on or
fragment. Fixing Fragments Cont.
As, During, While, etc. suggest time
In, On, etc. denote place
Even though, Despite, because, although,
etc. suggest a comparison which often
lacks the subject or verb in it.
Thought Process Writing process Tend to think of all
actions of person or
thing at once
Writers that commit this
crime often speak
quickly and without
breaths Contains two or more
subjects and verbs
Creates confusion as to
who is doing an
Types: And, fused,
comma And: connects two sentences with two verbs
and/or subjects with an and.
comma splice: connects two sentence with two
verbs and/or subjects with comma
fused: connects two sentences with two verbs
and/or subjects with no punctuation or and
Note how Narrative differs from
Narrative tells story of event
Description looks at what something
visually looks like, where it is, and or how
important it is.
Using the five senses
Not always using the first person in writing
picking up on traits (physically,
personality, etc.) that seem apparent.
personality, Least to Most
Least detail Top to Bottom
Top Detail Far to Near
Furthest detail More important Middle Detail Nearer detail Most important Bottom Detail Closest detail Conclusion Conclusion conclusion Ways to Describe
describe what senses
convey attitudes or
Word that describes noun or pronoun
Can precede subject: a blue car
Can follow subject: the car was old, rusty, and
old rusty and
Don’t focus on only sight based adjectives; use all
Word that modifies or gives more detail about
adjective or verb
Can have –ly
She watched hungrily
Can show amount
I saw too many weeds
He moved very slow
very How are adv/adj ended in
one -er Compare -est
syllables Three or more
syllables -er more -est Most Irregular
There are exceptions to almost every rule
Ex: Bad does not become badder
one comparison bad changes> worse
two comparisons bad chages> worst Modifier
What is it?
A modifier is a word, phrase, or clause that
functions as an adjective or an adverb
modifier without a
logical or identifiable
word, phrase, or
Makes meaning of
ambiguous Modified noun does not
exist Modifies incorrect noun
Types: Word, phrase,
clause, Process Essay
Tells how to do, make, or avoid something.
1. choose and define why you are writing of the
2. show how research or information on
process was completed
3. define how another person completes task
4. show what happens after completion wk 5 Pronouns
I, you, he, she, it, we,
you, Objective Pronouns
me, you, him, her, it,
us, them, whom
us, used to define who is
doing an action
doing used to show that
something is directed
toward or occurred to.
Think of it as: in the
distance Pronouns cont.
Possessive Reflexive my, mine, you, yours, his,
hers, its, our, ours, their,
theirs, myself, yourself, himself,
herself, itself, ourselves,
yourselves, shows ownership
shows used to relate back to
subject in sentence for
Sentences must be balanced when there
are multiple details
1. words in series; same part of speech
2. phrases are same kind of phrases
3. clause should not be mixed Parallelism cont.
Think of parallel parking on a one way
street. Cars have to be the same.
*So do verbs, prepositions,
Point by Point
When you compare two things by the details
When you compare the details by two things
wk. 6 Block
– activities IV. Conclusion Point by Point
Winter III. Clothing
Winter IV. Activities
Winter V. Conclusion Indefinite pronouns
If it is indefinite because it is open and
Words that sound alike but are spelled
differently and have completely different
passed/past A, An, The
Non count: unspecified amount
Count: noun with specific amount Affects definite articles the, a, an
The is used with a count noun
A iis used before noun that begins with consonant (a
teacher, a friend, a test, etc.)
An is used before noun that begins with consonant (an
animal, an arrangement, an antibiotic, etc.
animal, at, in, on
time of day
place: location where you visit, always
used for streets
period of time, duration
place: physically located inside
(container) does not move
ON time: named day or date
place: physically on a flat surface
To persuade is to convince through factual
argument, not opinion.
Evidence for beliefs or logic
Opinions from recognized authorities week 11 Love: does it exist?
what is the proof?
Do people have proof againt it?
Keep in mind skeptics in audience
Think of other ways to persuade people
from different backgrounds, etc.
from Ways to Argue
– what happened in past effects present informational context
– defining or explaining for convincing opposition
– recognizing others disagree authority
– using powerful supporters to back you up Punctuation
try to avoid contractions
for clarity. Some words
sound awkward with s’s Semicolon
iitems in a series
directly related words
however: comparison/contrast Punctuation cont.
Word not part of general language
what someone else says
what is written word for word in text
around a title of a short piece of published
Comma’s are the most important piece of
punctuation. It can show importance, set
mood, be used for clarity, and help to
1. items in a series
2. Between dates,
4. 5. 6. Set off interrupters
7. Around a direct
geographical names. 8. Placemarker after
9. Exact words spoken
conjunction to join
10. To prevent
If you ever have planned a meal, searched
for a list of CD’s by a favorite artist, or
read a book on how to do something
You’ve RESEARCHED! Wk 12 What research isn’t
Living in library
Not having a life
spending more than one to two hours
online or other
eating, sleeping, breathing…your topic Ways of Research
Periodicals: magazines, newspapers,
Online: excluding wikipedia and verifying
Experience How to choose a topic
Choose something you:
-want to know more about
-have experienced (medical, legal, etc.) Format
Intro: Thesis has position
Conclusion You know this
Narrative Paper: used in conclusions
Process Paper: used in
Comparison/contrast: Reason or Fact
Cause and Effect: Reason or Fact
Persuasive: used directly in persuasive
type MLA: In Text ICE
person being quoted should be identified by name,
occupation, place of work Copy
Use their exact words within a pair of quotation marks. End
In parenthesis, identify name of article (abbreviated) or
title of website, magazine, etc. Paper topic:
professional better than do it
Person quoted: Angela Freeds
“Joy of Curls.” Hairdresser
Magazine. Angela Freeds, a stylist for Capri beauty
school, said, “The professional way is the
best way to avoid disaster.” (“Joy”) MLA: Work Cited
1. always its own page at end of essay
2. always titled work cited
3. entries are always alphabetized
4. second line and on is indented, not first
5. longer months are abbreviated
6. month comes before day Freeds, Angela. “Joy of Curls.” Hairdresser
Magazine 11 Jan. 2009: 6-10. Print.
Format is in your book in work cited section, also
online at Purdue University’s online writing lab
(see below). Each source has its own format,
but the author, title of article, and title of work is
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This note was uploaded on 12/08/2011 for the course RTH 102 taught by Professor Hell during the Spring '11 term at Triton College.
- Spring '11