Rht 096 - Rht 096 Rht Haymarket Haymarket 1886 Social...

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Unformatted text preview: Rht 096 Rht Haymarket Haymarket 1886 Social unrest in the country and specifically Social Chicago led to worker’s protests. Factory owners: owners: cut wages raised rent made them work well over eight hours a made day day Wk 2 Haymarket cont. Haymarket Workers at McCormick Reaper Plant Workers organized a mild strike. The police arrived and causalities ensued. and A formal meeting was called in Haymarket formal Square soon after for the poor immigrant workers in Chicago to meet to discuss working conditions working Haymarket cont. Haymarket The immigrants, hired to work in The intolerable conditions, often could not speak or write English well. speak The meeting was held and different The nationalities were allowed to exchange ideas through translation ideas Haymarket cont. Haymarket Once the mayor and the five main Once organizers of the meeting left, the police stormed the crowd. In the midst of the commotions, a pipe bomb was thrown and 8 policemen were killed policemen The five organizers were blamed, labeled The socialists and anarchists, even though they were innocent they End of the Story Worldwide publicity and their innocence Worldwide did not sway the judge to go along with did business leaders and the men were hung. business In 1893 they were pardoned. In 1893 they In 1938 the official act declaring an eight In 1938 hour workday was enforced. hour Implications Implications Unity: they must come Unity: together for they have the same problem same Support: they must seek Support: help to end the problem help Organization: they must Organization: have a formal structure to change the problem. Unity: writers must realize that despite different backgrounds they have same problem if enrolled in Rht 096 if Support: Must find Support: reasons to support ideas and develop a thesis and Organization: Without Organization: structure in essays, there is no way to be clear. is Prewriting=Thinking Prewriting=Thinking Prewriting Brainstorming Thoughts flow abstractly. No order Clustering Thoughts are grouped together Slight order. Outlining Thoughts often methodical. Strict order How you think affects how you write. Decide which type of prewriting matches the way you look at problems at things in life. If you try to prewrite an essay by using a technique different from this, you will be unsuccessful. Introductions Introductions Strangers Perception of approach if they ask personal questions is different then if they first introduce themselves. themselves. Writing Perception of reader is Perception different if the topic is introduced and he or she knows what you are writing about are Introduction Introduction Structure of first paragraph: 1. statement of fact 2. statistic (shows amount, measurable) 3. opinion 4. thesis with three reasons or examples. Always make sure all paragraphs are 4 sentences Always in length. in Match it! Match The three reasons in your The thesis match the three reasons in each of main body paragraphs. body Thesis with reason 1, Thesis reason 2, and reason 3. reason Reason 1 should be what Reason the second paragraph of essay is about. essay Outline I. Introduction/Thesis with 3 I. reasons reasons II. body paragraph about II. reason 1 of thesis reason III. body paragraph about III. reason 2 of thesis reason IV. body paragraph about IV. reason 3 of thesis reason V. Conclusion What is a thesis? What The main idea of the essay Contains opinion word (best, only, should, Contains needs, etc.) needs, Shows a need for development or Shows argument. argument. Conclusions Conclusions Just as you expect a stranger to introduce Just themselves before you meet, you expect some kind of conclusion as you part. some If someone announced at a family dinner If that they were engaged, all the people present would not just get up and leave the house. the Wk. 3 Narrative Narrative Format • Beginning: introduces Beginning: event, person, subject of story of • Middle: develops the Middle: main characters and what happened what • End: concludes and End: says why the event, etc. was important etc. Wk. 4 Technique • first person • possibly some possibly dialogue, but not necessary necessary • description: five description: senses extremely important important APAD APAD Audience: who are you writing for? Purpose: what makes this story so important? Accuracy: don’t leave out steps, time frames Detail: the reader can only be there if they see, Detail: hear, taste, smell, and touch just like you did. hear, Illogical Shifts Illogical Subject verb agreement is a common error Who tells the story? How does it move through time? Time Time Locate Subjects and verbs. who is the Locate person/place/thing doing main action? person/place/thing Verbs do not follow subjects Subjects are not adjectives are not in prepositions can be verbs functioning as nouns The Fragment The Thought process Writing process Tendency for the writer to Tendency let their thoughts become choppy. choppy. Lacks subject, verb, or both Focus on the person or Focus thing doing the action and not the action connected not Often results in the writer Often losing place in the work losing Types: phrase, dependent, Types: phrasal and dependant phrasal Types of Fragments Dependant Phrasal Combination Fixing fragments Fixing Think of how the sentence exists in terms Think of place or time. Signal words in sentence will lead you to the fragment. will There are words to connect ideas and There without them, sentence is run on or fragment. fragment. Fixing Fragments Cont. As, During, While, etc. suggest time As, In, On, etc. denote place Even though, Despite, because, although, Even etc. suggest a comparison which often lacks the subject or verb in it. lacks Run-On Run-On Thought Process Writing process Tend to think of all Tend actions of person or thing at once thing Writers that commit this Writers crime often speak quickly and without breaths breaths Contains two or more Contains subjects and verbs subjects Creates confusion as to Creates who is doing an action action Types: And, fused, Types: comma splice comma And: connects two sentences with two verbs And: and/or subjects with an and. and/or comma splice: connects two sentence with two verbs and/or subjects with comma verbs fused: connects two sentences with two verbs and/or subjects with no punctuation or and and/or Description Description Note how Narrative differs from description. description. Narrative tells story of event Narrative Description looks at what something visually looks like, where it is, and or how important it is. important Description Description Using the five senses Details Not always using the first person in writing picking up on traits (physically, picking personality, etc.) that seem apparent. personality, Least to Most Important Important Least detail Top to Bottom Top Detail Far to Near Furthest detail More important Middle Detail Nearer detail Most important Bottom Detail Closest detail Conclusion Conclusion conclusion Ways to Describe Ways Objective describe what senses describe tell you tell Subjective convey attitudes or convey feelings feelings simile metaphor personification simile metaphor personification Adjective Word that describes noun or pronoun Can precede subject: a blue car Can follow subject: the car was old, rusty, and Can old rusty and blue blue Don’t focus on only sight based adjectives; use all Don’t senses senses Adverb Adverb Word that modifies or gives more detail about Word adjective or verb adjective Can have –ly Can She watched hungrily Can show amount I saw too many weeds saw many He moved very slow He very How are adv/adj ended in comparisons? comparisons? One One syllable syllable Compare Compare one thing one -er Compare -est Compare two or more more Two Two syllables syllables Three or more Three syllables syllables -er more -est Most Irregular Irregular There are exceptions to almost every rule Ex: Bad does not become badder one comparison bad changes> worse two comparisons bad chages> worst Modifier What is it? A modifier is a word, phrase, or clause that modifier functions as an adjective or an adverb functions Modifiers Modifiers Dangling modifier without a modifier logical or identifiable word, phrase, or clause clause Misplaced Makes meaning of Makes sentence confusing, awkward or ambiguous ambiguous Modified noun does not Modified exist exist Modifies incorrect noun Types: Word, phrase, Word, clause, position clause, Process Essay Process Tells how to do, make, or avoid something. Tells 1. choose and define why you are writing of the 1. choose process process 2. show how research or information on show process was completed process 3. define how another person completes task 4. show what happens after completion wk 5 Pronouns Pronouns Subjective Pronouns I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they you, Objective Pronouns me, you, him, her, it, us, them, whom us, used to define who is doing an action doing used to show that something is directed toward or occurred to. Think of it as: in the distance distance Pronouns cont. Pronouns Possessive Reflexive my, mine, you, yours, his, hers, its, our, ours, their, theirs, whose theirs, myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves yourselves, shows ownership shows used to relate back to subject in sentence for clarity clarity Parallelism Parallelism Sentences must be balanced when there Sentences are multiple details are 1. words in series; same part of speech 2. phrases are same kind of phrases 3. clause should not be mixed Parallelism cont. Parallelism Think of parallel parking on a one way street. Cars have to be the same. street. *So do verbs, prepositions, *So nouns, etc. nouns, Compare/contrast Compare/contrast Point by Point When you compare two things by the details Block When you compare the details by two things wk. 6 Block Block I. Introduction II. Summer – – – temperature clothing activities III.Winter – temperature – clothing – activities IV. Conclusion Point by Point Point I. Intro II. Temperature Summer Winter III. Clothing Summer Winter IV. Activities Summer Winter V. Conclusion Indefinite pronouns Indefinite If it is indefinite because it is open and unspecified unspecified another one nobody nobody everyone anything something either anybody somebody somebody no one everything each neither everybody anyone someone nothing much Homonyms Homonyms Words that sound alike but are spelled Words differently and have completely different meanings meanings Examples: Examples: too/to/two too/to/two were/where/we’re their/there/they’re through/threw/thru Its/It’s than/then use/used passed/past A, An, The A, Non count: unspecified amount Count: noun with specific amount Affects definite articles the, a, an The is used with a count noun A iis used before noun that begins with consonant (a s teacher, a friend, a test, etc.) teacher, An is used before noun that begins with consonant (an An animal, an arrangement, an antibiotic, etc. animal, at, in, on at, AT time: time of day place: location where you visit, always used for streets IN time: period of time, duration IN place: physically located inside (container) does not move ON time: named day or date named place: physically on a flat surface (doesn’t move) (doesn’t Argument Argument To persuade is to convince through factual argument, not opinion. argument, Thesis driven Evidence for beliefs or logic Examples Opinions from recognized authorities week 11 Love: does it exist? Love: what is the proof? Do people have proof againt it? Keep in mind skeptics in audience Think of other ways to persuade people Think from different backgrounds, etc. from Ways to Argue Ways historical context – what happened in past effects present informational context – defining or explaining for convincing opposition – recognizing others disagree authority – using powerful supporters to back you up Punctuation Punctuation Apostrophe contractions ownership plurality try to avoid contractions for clarity. Some words sound awkward with s’s Semicolon directly related, directly independent clauses independent iitems in a series tems containing commas containing directly related words therefore cause/effect however: comparison/contrast Punctuation cont. Punctuation Quotation Marks Word not part of general language what someone else says what is written word for word in text around a title of a short piece of published around work work Commas Commas Comma’s are the most important piece of Comma’s punctuation. It can show importance, set mood, be used for clarity, and help to avoid run-ons. avoid Commas Commas 1. items in a series 2. Between dates, Between 3. 4. 5. 6. Set off interrupters 7. Around a direct Around addresses, address address geographical names. 8. Placemarker after geographical Placemarker separate adjectives 1,000 1,000 With coordinating 9. Exact words spoken With conjunction to join 10. To prevent To sentences sentences misunderstanding misunderstanding Follow introductory Follow phrases phrases Research Research If you ever have planned a meal, searched If for a list of CD’s by a favorite artist, or read a book on how to do something yourself: yourself: You’ve RESEARCHED! Wk 12 What research isn’t What Living in library Not having a life spending more than one to two hours spending online or other online eating, sleeping, breathing…your topic Ways of Research Ways Books Periodicals: magazines, newspapers, Periodicals: journal journal Online: excluding wikipedia and verifying Online: atuthority atuthority Experience How to choose a topic How Choose something you: -enjoy -want to know more about -have experienced (medical, legal, etc.) Format Format Persuasive Intro: Thesis has position Intro: History History Reason 1 Reason Reason 2 Reason Reason 3 Reason Refutation Refutation Conclusion Conclusion You know this You Narrative Paper: used in conclusions Process Paper: used in Process history/background history/background Comparison/contrast: Reason or Fact Cause and Effect: Reason or Fact Persuasive: used directly in persuasive Persuasive: type type MLA: In Text ICE Introduce person being quoted should be identified by name, occupation, place of work Copy Use their exact words within a pair of quotation marks. End In parenthesis, identify name of article (abbreviated) or title of website, magazine, etc. Paper topic: Argument: hairstyling professional better than do it yourself Person quoted: Angela Freeds Source: “Joy of Curls.” Hairdresser Magazine. Angela Freeds, a stylist for Capri beauty school, said, “The professional way is the best way to avoid disaster.” (“Joy”) MLA: Work Cited 1. always its own page at end of essay 2. always titled work cited 3. entries are always alphabetized 4. second line and on is indented, not first 5. longer months are abbreviated 6. month comes before day Freeds, Angela. “Joy of Curls.” Hairdresser Magazine 11 Jan. 2009: 6-10. Print. Format is in your book in work cited section, also online at Purdue University’s online writing lab (see below). Each source has its own format, but the author, title of article, and title of work is usually static http://owl.english.purdue.edu/ ...
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This note was uploaded on 12/08/2011 for the course RTH 102 taught by Professor Hell during the Spring '11 term at Triton College.

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