HCl is strong enough that it forces water to accept H

HCl is strong enough that it forces water to accept H - –...

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HCl is strong enough that it forces water to accept H + . The strongest base that can exist in water is OH - . NH 2 - + H 2 O NH 3 + OH - NH 2 - is strong enough to remove H + from water. The reason that stronger acids and bases cannot exist in water is that water is amphiprotic. Strengths of Acids Ternary acids are hydroxides of nonmetals that produce H 3 O + in water. Consist of H, O, and a nonmetal. HClO 4 H 3 PO 4 Strengths of Acids HClO 4 H 3 PO 4 Strengths of Acids It is a very common mistake for students to not realize that the H’s are attached to O atoms in ternary acids.
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Unformatted text preview: – Just because chemists write them as HClO 4 . Strengths of Acids Remember that for binary acids , acid strength increased with decreasing H-X bond strength. Ternary acids have the same periodic trend. Strong ternary acids have weaker H-O bonds than weak ternary acids. For example, compare acid strengths: HNO 2 <HNO 3 H 2 SO 3 < H 2 SO 4 This implies that the H-O bond strength is: You do it! HNO 2 > HNO 3 H 2 SO 3 > H 2 SO 4 Strengths of Acids Ternary acid strength usually increases with:...
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This note was uploaded on 12/08/2011 for the course CHEM 1211 taught by Professor Atwood during the Fall '07 term at UGA.

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