HNO3 - 1 The reaction does not have to occur in an aqueous...

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HNO 3 + H 2 O H 3 O + + NO 3 - 1. Identify the reactant acid and base. You do it! 1. Find the species that differs from the acid by a proton, that is the conjugate base. You do it! The BrØnsted-Lowry Theory 3. Find the species that differs from the base by a proton, that is the conjugate acid. You do it! HNO 3 is the acid, conjugate base is NO 3 - H 2 O is the base, conjugate acid is H 3 O + The BrØnsted-Lowry Theory Conjugate acid-base pairs are species that differ by a proton. Some examples: The BrØnsted-Lowry Theory Standard format for writing conjugate acid-base pairs. The BrØnsted-Lowry Theory The major differences between Arrhenius and Brønsted-Lowry theories:
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Unformatted text preview: 1. The reaction does not have to occur in an aqueous solution. 2. Bases are not required to be hydroxides. The BrØnsted-Lowry Theory An important concept in BrØnsted-Lowry theory involves the relative strengths of acid-base pairs. Weak acids have strong conjugate bases. Weak bases have strong conjugate acids. The weaker the acid or base, the stronger the conjugate partner. The reason why a weak acid is weak is because the conjugate base is so strong it reforms the original acid....
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This note was uploaded on 12/08/2011 for the course CHEM 1211 taught by Professor Atwood during the Fall '07 term at UGA.

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