Ca - The Brnsted-Lowry Theory J.N. Brnsted and T.M. Lowry...

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Ca(OH) 2 , Sr(OH) 2 , Ba(OH) 2 The Arrhenius Theory For the reaction of hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide, a typical strong acid-strong base reaction, the formula unit, total ionic, and net ionic equations are: Formula Unit Equation Total Ionic Net Ionic Equation The Hydronium Ion (Hydrated Hydrogen Ion) The protons that are generated in acid-base reactions are not present in solution by themselves. Protons are surrounded by several water molecules. The number varies from solution to solution. H + (aq) is really H(H 2 O) n + Where n is a small integer. Chemists normally write the hydrated hydrogen ion as H 3 O + and call it the hydronium ion.
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Unformatted text preview: The Brnsted-Lowry Theory J.N. Brnsted and T.M. Lowry developed this more general acid-base theory in 1923. An acid is a proton donor (H + ). A base is a proton acceptor. Two examples to illustrate this concept. The Brnsted-Lowry Theory Acid-base reactions are the transfer of a proton from an acid to a base. The Brnsted-Lowry Theory An important part of Brnsted-Lowry acid-base theory is the idea of conjugate acid-base pairs . Two species that differ by a proton are called acid-base conjugate pairs. For example we can use this reaction:...
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This note was uploaded on 12/08/2011 for the course CHEM 1211 taught by Professor Atwood during the Fall '07 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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