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Study Guide, Chapter 8

Study Guide, Chapter 8 - BSCI105 Freshman Connection Fall...

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BSCI105, Freshman Connection Fall 2010 Study Guide #16 I. Enzymes and Metabolism Vocabulary: Metabolism Anabolic Catabolic Pathway Kinetic energy Potential energy Free energy Enthalpy Entropy Coupling ATP Enzyme Catalyst Activation energy Substrate Active site Induced fit Enzyme-substrate complex Cofactor Inhibitor Allosteric Activator Cooperativity Feedback Key Concept 1: "Metabolism" is a general terms for every anabolic and catabolic process a cell or organism, involving numerous interacting pathways that store, transform, and use energy. Key Concept 2: "Energy" is the capacity to do work, represented in a system as either kinetic or potential energy, and can be used to increase local order (decrease entropy), and can be liberated by a reduction in local order (increased entropy). Key Concept 3: "Free energy" is the net energy available to do work, after subtracting the energy lost to entropy in any reaction, represented by the term delta G which can be negative or positive.
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