Study Guide, Chapter 9a

Study Guide, Chapter 9a - BSCI105, Freshman Connection Fall...

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BSCI105, Freshman Connection Fall 2010 Study Guide #17 I. Cellular Respiration Vocabulary: Aerobic Anaerobic Oxidation Reduction Redox NAD NADH Electron transport chain Substrate-level Oxidative Glycolysis Net yield Glucose Pyruvate Acetyl CoA Kreb's cycle Citric acid cycle Oxaloacetate Citrate NADH FAD FADH2 Complex I-IV Ubiquinone Cytochrome c Electron acceptor ATP synthase Chemiosmosis Proton motive force Gluconeogenesis Kinase Dehydrogenase Decarboxylase Isomerse Key Concept 1: Cellular respiration is series of metabolic pathways that converts glucose and oxygen to carbon dioxide and water to produce free energy used to make ATP. Key Concept 2: ATP can be produced by substrate level phosporylation (anaerobic), involving transfer of phosphate groups between organic molecules, or oxidative phosphorlyation (aerobic), involving transfer of energy through coupled reduction-oxidation (redox) reactions. Key Concept 3: Redox reactions in cells involve the transfer of electrons via exchange of hydrogen atoms, with reduction occurring through a gain of hydrogen, and oxidation involving a loss of hydrogen. Key Concept 4: Many cellular redox pathways use NAD+ as a coupling molecule, using the
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This note was uploaded on 12/08/2011 for the course BSCI 105 taught by Professor Jensen during the Fall '07 term at Maryland.

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Study Guide, Chapter 9a - BSCI105, Freshman Connection Fall...

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