Study Guide, Chapter 12

Study Guide, Chapter 12 - BSCI105, Freshman Connection Fall...

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BSCI105, Freshman Connection Fall 2010 Study Guide #10 I. Cell Division Vocabulary: Cytokinesis Mitosis Binary fission Chromosome Chromatid Kinetichore G1 phase S phase G2 phase M phase Cell cycle Centriole Centrosome Aster Spindle Interphase Prophase Prometaphase Metaphase Anaphase Telophase MTOC Checkpoint G0 phase MPF CDK Cyclin Key Concept 1: All new cells come from division of pre-existing cells, with one cell dividing into two daughter cells. Key Concept 2: Prokaryotes divide by binary fission, with duplication of the single circular chromosome linked to cell growth and subsequent division of the cell into two equal daughter cells. Key Concept 3: Eukaryotic cell division involves the coordination two processes: nuclear division through mitosis, and cytoplasmic division through cytokinesis. Key Concept 4: Cell division is used by multicellular organisms for growth, repair, and maintenance of tissues. Key Concept 5: Cell division results in two genetically identical daughter cells, but they can
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Study Guide, Chapter 12 - BSCI105, Freshman Connection Fall...

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