7e Chapter 7 Part 1

7e Chapter 7 Part 1 - MSIS 2103 Chapter 7 Part 1 1 Chapter 7 Networking Connecting Computing Devices Chapter Topics History of the Internet

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MSIS 2103 Chapter 7 – Part 1 1
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Chapter 7 Networking: Connecting Computing Devices
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3 Chapter Topics History of the Internet – enhancement of Chapter 3 Networking fundamentals Network architecture Network components Peer-to-peer networks Ethernet networks
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Why Do We Care About Networking? Because the Internet is a huge client/server network The Internet and associated technology is YOUR world, like it or not To use it for your benefit at work and at home, you need to know something about networking 4
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History of the Internet In the early days of computing, there were multiple networks set up over geographical distances, each using different protocols and command structures – no communication was possible among these diverse networks. Communication was carried on intra- network, but not inter-network 5
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History of the Internet Research had been going on since the early to mid ‘60s to develop a methodology for networking previously disparate networks Corporations and universities like RAND Corporation, MIT, UCLA RAND Corporation was a research “think tank” established by Douglas Aircraft as a non-profit 6
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History of the Internet The communication methodology that had been developed by the researchers was packet-switching , which is still in use on the Internet today Prior to packet-switching, which allowed packets of data to flow in any order over a network from multiple originating nodes, the connection methodology was “circuit 7
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History of the Internet The U.S. Government decided to fund a project to let the researchers apply their methodologies and develop a working network The researchers were anxious to develop this so that they could connect supercomputers that were geographically separated So in 1969 the U.S. Government , out of their Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) sponsored by the U.S. Department of Defense, awarded a contract and funded a project to build an overarching, unified network 8
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History of the Internet The project, ARPANET, was completed in nine months ARPANET had four hosts (nodes), each capable of having four early routers; each early time router could support up to 8 connections The four original hosts were located at the 9
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History of the Internet The first e-mail message was sent across the ARPANET in 1971 The ftp protocol was developed, and the first file was sent in 1973 Network Voice Protocol, the first predecessor of VoIP, was “invented,” but didn’t work well 10
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History of the Internet In 1972 Xerox PARC developed the Alto, a forerunner to microcomputers In 1975 Bill Gates arrived and started Microsoft Corporation In 1979 Steve Jobs and Steven Wozniak developed the Apple II – the first small, individual-aimed microcomputer 11
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History of the Internet In 1981 Bill Gates bought all rights to QDOS and renamed it MS-DOS He tried to market it to Xerox and to Digital
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This note was uploaded on 10/12/2011 for the course MSIS 2103 taught by Professor Dr.kletke during the Fall '08 term at Oklahoma State.

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7e Chapter 7 Part 1 - MSIS 2103 Chapter 7 Part 1 1 Chapter 7 Networking Connecting Computing Devices Chapter Topics History of the Internet

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