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Unformatted text preview: Central Dogma of molecular biology. In 1953, two biochemists, James D. Watson and Francis H.C. Crick, proposed a model for the structure of DNA. (In 1962, they shared a Nobel Prize for their work.) The publication of the structure of DNA opened a new realm of molecular genetics. Its structure provided valuable insight into how genes operate and how DNA can reproduce itself during mitosis, thereby passing on hereditary characteristics. Not only did the new research uncover many of the principles of protein synthesis, but it also gave rise to the science of biotechnology and genetic engineering....
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