Minerals - Minerals Take-Away Points 1. Chemical elements...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–21. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Minerals
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Take-Away Points 1. Chemical elements form in stars 2. Atoms bond by sharing electrons 3. Minerals are classified by their chemistry 4. Minerals can be identified by their physical properties = atomic structure 5. Silicates are the most important mineral group 6. Crystals are determined by mathematical rules called symmetry
Background image of page 2
Composition of the Sun 1. Chemical elements form in stars
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Composition of the Sun Abundance of Light Elements Rarity of Lithium, Beryllium, Boron Preference for Even Numbers Abundance peak at Iron, trailing off after 1. Chemical elements form in stars
Background image of page 4
How Elements Form in Stars Sun: 4 H He He + particle Mass 5 – Unstable He + He Mass 8 – Unstable He + He + He C Add more He to make heavier elements End of the line is iron for energy production Atoms beyond Iron made in massive 1. Chemical elements form in stars
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
What are Planets Made of? Same material as Sun Minus the elements that remain mostly in gases We find this pattern in a certain class of meteorites 1. Chemical elements form in stars
Background image of page 6
Chondrites 1. Chemical elements form in stars
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The Earth’s Crust looks Very Different 1. Chemical elements form in stars
Background image of page 8
Composition of the Crust 1. Chemical elements form in stars
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Minerals are the Chemicals that make up the Earth Naturally Occurring Inorganic Chemical Compounds About 5000 Known 200 Common 20 Rock-Forming
Background image of page 10
Atomic Bonding 1. IONS 2. Atoms bond by sharing electrons
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Atomic Bonding 2. Electrical Neutrality (+) and (-) Cancel Out Ionic (NaCl) Covalent (O 2 ) Metallic (Cu, Al, Fe) Hydrogen (in water) 2. Atoms bond by sharing electrons
Background image of page 12
Ionic and Covalent Bonding 2. Atoms bond by sharing electrons
Background image of page 13

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Metallic Bonding 2. Atoms bond by sharing electrons
Background image of page 14
Hydrogen Bonding 2. Atoms bond by sharing electrons
Background image of page 15

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Summary of Bonding Ionic bonding holds rocks and minerals together Covalent bonding holds people and other organisms together Metallic bonding holds civilization together Hydrogen bonding gives water its heat- retaining and solvent properties 2. Atoms bond by sharing electrons
Background image of page 16
4. Lattices Atoms in crystals form a repeating pattern called a Lattice 2. Atoms bond by sharing electrons
Background image of page 17

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
5. Complex Anions (Radicals) Many minerals contain groups of atoms that behave as single units 2. Atoms bond by sharing electrons
Background image of page 18
NAMING MINERALS COLOR Glauconite (Greek: Glaucos = Blue-green) OTHER PROPERTIES, USES Magnetite COMPONENTS Chromite PLACES Muscovite (Moscow) PEOPLE Biotite
Background image of page 19

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Chemicals (and Minerals) Are Classified by their Anions 3. Minerals are classified by their chemistry
Background image of page 20
Image of page 21
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 12/08/2011 for the course GEO 121 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '11 term at North South University.

Page1 / 67

Minerals - Minerals Take-Away Points 1. Chemical elements...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 21. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online