Hybridization

Hybridization - ↑↓ ↑ ↑ s p d Promoted ↑ ↑ ↑...

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sp hybridization: Consistent with linear (180 o ) Initial ↑↓ s p Promoted s p Hybridized sp p sp 2 hybridization: Consistent with trigonal planar (120 o ) Initial ↑↓ s p Promoted s p Hybridized sp 2 p sp 3 hybridization: Consistent with tetrahedral (109.5 o ) Initial ↑↓ s p Promoted s p Hybridized sp 3
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sp 3 d hybridization: Consistent with trigonal bipyramidal (90 o , 120 o ) Initial ↑↓ s p d Promoted s p d Hybridized sp 3 d d sp 3 d 2 hybridization: Consistent with Octahedral (90 o , 180 o ) Initial ↑↓
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Unformatted text preview: ↑↓ ↑ ↑ s p d Promoted ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ s p d Hybridized ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ sp 3 d 2 d * Only one bond of a multiple bond is hybridized. The other bonds are unhybridized p-orbitals. * Under most circumstances, non-bonding electron pairs on the central atom are hybridized. *Sigma bonds, σ , are bonds from hybridized orbitals and pi bonds, π , are unhybridized p-orbitals. Example: Ethene (Ethylene) Each carbon is sp 2 hybridized. On your Own: Try this for ethyne HCCH C C H H H H σ σ σ σ σ π...
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This note was uploaded on 12/07/2011 for the course CHEM 100 taught by Professor Feebeck during the Fall '10 term at Purdue.

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Hybridization - ↑↓ ↑ ↑ s p d Promoted ↑ ↑ ↑...

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