Kotzchp5tablesummary - AP Chemistry Chapter 5: Reactions in...

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AP Chemistry Chapter 5: Reactions in Aqueous Solution – Summary Information 3 Major types of reactions in aqueous solutions: -Acid-Base Reactions: Acid + Base Salt + Water -Precipitation Reactions (aka double displacement or exchange reaction): AB (aq) + CD (aq) AD (s) + CB (aq) -Oxidation-Reduction (not limited to aqueous reactions): Including (but not limited to) Single Replacement: AB + C CB + A Decomposition: AB A + B Synthesis: A + B AB Combustion: Hydrocarbon + Oxygen Carbon dioxide + Water Driving Forces for Product Favored Reactions: Reaction Type: Driving Force Precipitation Formation of an insoluble compound Acid-Base Neutralization Formation of a salt and water (proton transfer) Gas-Forming Evolution of water-insoluble gas such as CO 2 Oxidation-Reduction Electron transfer Gas-forming Reactions: Metal carbonate or bicarbonate + acid → metal salt + CO 2(g) + H 2 O (l) (ex. Na 2 CO 3(aq) + 2HCl (aq) → 2NaCl (aq) + CO 2(g) + H 2 O (l) ) Metal sulfide + acid → metal salt + H 2 S (g) (ex. Na 2 S (aq) + 2HCl (aq) → 2NaCl (aq) + H 2 S (g) ) Metal sulfite + acid → metal salt + SO 2(g) + H 2 O (l) (ex. Na 2 SO 3(aq) + 2HCl (aq) → 2NaCl (aq) + SO 2(g) + H 2 O (l) ) Ammonium salt + strong base → metal salt + NH 3(g) + H 2 O (l) (ex. NH 4 Cl (aq) + NaOH (aq)
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This note was uploaded on 12/07/2011 for the course CHEM 100 taught by Professor Feebeck during the Fall '10 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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Kotzchp5tablesummary - AP Chemistry Chapter 5: Reactions in...

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