Ajay_Maheshwari_590_Module_7_Mar14

Ajay_Maheshwari_590_Module_7_Mar14 - Module71 Module7:...

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Module 7      1 Module7: Organizational Theory and Organizational Effectiveness 
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Module 7      2 Abstract Response to the first question list the three major contemporary organizational  theory models as Population ecology, Resource Dependence and Rational Contingency  model. Response to the second question lists the three lead writers/researchers  and  their contributions who can be associated with the population ecology model as  Michael   T. Hannan John H. Freeman  and  Glenn R. Carroll . Response to third question lists the  three lead writers/researchers and their contributions who can be associated with the  resource   dependency   model  as  Jeffrey  Pfeffer,   Gerald   Salancik   and  Lawrence   G.  Hrebiniak. Response to the fourth question lists the three lead writers/researchers and  their  contributions  who  can   be  associated  with  the   rational   contingency   model   as  Herbert A. Simon, Lex Donaldson and Richard W. Scott. Response to fifth question lists  the three lead writers/researchers and their contributions who can be associated with  the institutional model as DiMaggio, Meyer and Rowan .
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Module 7      3 Module 7 Deliverables Assignments:  Questions Question   1:   Identify   three   of   the   major   contemporary   organizational   theories  reviewed in this Module. Response: The three major contemporary organizational theory models reviewed in this  module are:  1. Population-ecology model : - Population ecology is a perspective that seeks to  explain the factors that affect the life cycles of organizations. It also suggests    why some organizations survive for longer than the others. Earlier theories such  as the strategic choice theory argued that organizations   try to adapt to changing  environments   and   the   ones   that   do   it   successfully   survive.   The   population  ecology perspective states that it is the environment that selects organizations  that will survive over time and organizations have no say in this matter. It draws  from the Darwinian theory of natural selection that states that organisms with  favorable traits are more likely to survive.  2. Resource dependence model : - Resource dependency theory argues that the  “goal of an organization is to minimize its dependence on other organizations for 
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Module 7      4 the supply of scare resources in its environment and to find ways to influence  them to secure needed resources” (Jones, 2010). There are two basic types of  interdependencies: symbiotic and competitive (Jones, 2010). In the case of the  video   format   war,   the   different   organizations   were   competing   for: 
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Ajay_Maheshwari_590_Module_7_Mar14 - Module71 Module7:...

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