Sensation, Perception, and Attention final

Sensation, Perception, and Attention final - Working with...

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Working with Team Members: Team C 1 Working with Team Members: Team C Sabrina Armstrong, Yvonna Bethea, Doug Brynes, Michelle Hesson, and Cathy Lint PSY/300 November 14, 2011 Laurel Taron Working with Team Members: Team C
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Working with Team Members: Team C 2 Psychology defines perception as the interpretation of what people recollect from the different senses. The way an individual perceives the environment present makes humans different from other animals and other humans (Heffner, 2001). In this paper the effects that environment has on the perception of events as the experiences occur while learning has on people will be written. The group members were asked to give different insights of how environment affects perception and compare the different experiences that affect listening and learning for different individuals. Sensation and perception are the open door to the way an individual imagines the world, and the acts of learning and listening more enhanced (Kowalski & Westen, 2009). Dichotic listening, often called the “cocktail party effect” is the natural ability of a person or animal to distinguish individual sounds or other auditory stimuli from background noise and other distractions. Bats display this ability each night as they rely on echolocation to hunt and communicate. Birds can distinguish individual calls from many other birds in a group. Similarly, humans can focus auditory attention onto one person of source of sound, despite the abundance of background noise. Studies have shown that visual and spatial recognition may help to play a role in discerning separate auditory stimuli (Arons, n.d.). A survey taken among Learning Group C provided generally similar responses. The recurring theme reported among the team members was that dichotic listening took place best when noise levels were not extreme. Crowded restaurants were of; course a common experience and the team members reported no trouble focusing on auditory attention toward the person speaking. Team members also reported that they can shift their auditory attention to conversations that took place around them that they were not involved in. The two main instances in which dichotic listening became difficult were in extremely loud environments and when in motion. An example of this may be at a live musical performance in which the noise level prevented a team member from discerning any specific conversation or when a team member was in motion. It stands to reason that any environment with extreme noise levels would make focusing auditory attention difficult for nearly everyone. The difficulty of focusing attention when in motion seems to indicate that speech recognition becomes less important when attention is in need elsewhere.
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Sensation, Perception, and Attention final - Working with...

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