lecture notes section 5

lecture notes section 5 - Lecture Notes, Gabriel Psych101...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Lecture Notes, Gabriel Psych101 Fall 2011 Section 5 Page 1 The Self and Well-Being The Self-Esteem Cycle high self-esteem positive expectations high effort success self credit (cycle) Self-Awareness Theory self conscious persons self-awareness self discrepancies change behavior match standards self-focusing escape from self awareness, eg. drugs Positive Illusions Unrealistic Optimism – think more likely that good things will happen Unrealistically positive views of the self – people that think theyre better than others Illusion of Control – think we control things in our environment more than we do. eg, wear lucky underwear=football team will win Unrealistic Optimism Students tend to rate their own chances as above average for positive events and below average for negative events. Unrealistically Positive Views of the Self Everyone thinks they are above average Exp: high school students: 70% above average in leadership; 60% above average in athletic ability; 85% above average in ability to get along with others (25% said that were in top 1%!!!) Exp: 94% of college professors think that they do above average work Illusion of Control We feel like we control the world much more than we do. eg. Baby steering wheel in back, if you don’t wear your lucky hat your gonna fail Illusions and Well-being Depressed people more realistic Many argue that illusions are necessary for mental health Too many illusions are bad Psychoneuroimmunology Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) : The study of the relationships among psychology, the nervous and endocrine systems, and the immune system The Biomedical Model biological factors illness .. this was the old model model way too simple The Biopsychosocial Model bio factors health and wellness social factors ^psychological factors Mind Over Matter (The Placebo Effect) For a wide range of afflictions, 30 to 40 percent of patients experience relief after taking a placebo. Walter A. Brown
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Lecture Notes, Gabriel Psych101 Fall 2011 Section 5 Page 2 Causes of Death, 1900-1995 Since 1900, heart disease, cancer, and stroke have replaced infectious diseases as the major causes of death Behavioral factors contribute to each of these leading causes of death Heart Disease Factors –Sedentary Life Style, Stress, Obesity, Smoking, High blood pressure, Family history of heart disease, Type A behavior Type A Personality - Competitive, Impatient; Time-pressured, Quick to anger - hostile Type B Personality - Easygoing, Relaxed, Laid back Type A more prone to coronary heart disease Personality type is less predictive of health problems than is hostility. Proneness to anger is a major risk factor.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 15

lecture notes section 5 - Lecture Notes, Gabriel Psych101...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online