lecture notes section 3

lecture notes section 3 - Lecture Notes Gabriel Psych101...

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Lecture Notes, Gabriel Psych101 Fall 2011 Section 3 Page 1 Emotion Four Components of Emotion -Physiological processes <-> expressive behavior <-> cognitive appraisal = emotion l-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------^ The Physiological Component The Autonomic Nervous System (nervous system) Polygraph Tests as Lie Detectors Assumes that lying leaves distinctive physiological clues Empirical support is weak and conflicting Test is inadmissible in most courts It is illegal to use for most job screening The Expressive Component (facial expression during emotion) Facial EMG Studies of Emotion Electrodes placed on the face record activity in various muscles Positive emotions increase activity in cheeks Negative emotions increase activity in forehead and brow area The Cognitive Component (thoughts during emotion) Counterfactual thinking ( What could have been Examined pictures of Olympic medal winners Happier if won bronze than silver (you almost won the gold so silver sucks) Theories of Emotion Cannon-Bard Theory of Emotion Emotion originates in the thalamus (brain) “Body” (physiological systems) and “Mind” (emotional experience) are independently activated at the same time Physiological and behavioral responses Perceived event James-Lange Theory of Emotion Emotion arises from physiological arousal Happiness comes from smiling Sadness comes from crying Perceived event Interpretation of the responses physiological and behavioral responses
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Fall 2011 Section 3 Page 2 Emotional experience Sensory Feedback Facial-Feedback Hypothesis The hypothesis that changes in facial expression can produce corresponding changes in emotion. Facial Feedback Strack Hold Pencil in mouth while doing task Mimic frowning or smiling (frown by holding pencil under lips; smile by using teeth; other muscles are automatically activated) Measure mood Mood After Manipulation (teeth ppl were happier) Smiling makes you happy Two-factor Theory of Emotion Physiological arousal (fright or sexual arousal) Sweaty palms Increased heart rate rapid breathing Cognitive Label Attribute source of arousal to a cause To have an emotion, both factors are required Dutton and Aron’s study Attractive experimenter before or aftr men walked over bridge Men were more attracted to her after crossing the bridge than those asked before Supports two-factor theory Fright reaction is now read to be arousal reaction Misattribution of arousal Four Components of Emotion Emotions are complex; we are not completely sure of them Emotion A state of arousal involving facial and bodily changes, brain activation, cognitive appraisals, subjective feelings, and tendencies toward action. Emotion and the brain
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lecture notes section 3 - Lecture Notes Gabriel Psych101...

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