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Unformatted text preview: Lecture Notes, Gabriel Psych101 Fall 2011 Section 2 Page 1 Consciousness (9/15) Our Ongoing Awareness of Our Thoughts and Feelings Conscious versus Unconscious Tasks Difference: require conscious attention or not Exp: learning to drive a car after lots of practice, driving becomes AUTOMATIC (unconscious) Can do many unconscious (as long as they dont interfere) eg. Walking while holding a book while looking More than one conscious is hard cant talk have a conversation and Stroop task identify the color that the word is in, these words are the spelling of different colors Blue red yellow green Why does stroop effect happen? Activation of the names of words happens unconsciously and automatically (without intent) Conflict between two different things which are activated Unconscious processes are out of our awareness Thus, there are things going on in our heads that we dont know are there Freud (his ideas were solely opinion, no proof) Conscious: in the spotlight of awareness Preconscious: can be easily brought into awareness who is the president? Even though you werent thinking about it at the moment, you know it Unconscious: banned from awareness. Suppressed most people do not consider the unconscious as a negative thing Subliminal Priming Activating thoughts or feelings without conscious awareness Bargh. Old people study. Flashed stereotypes of the elderly in front of them Aggression study. Fake computer malfunction as well as aggressive words led people to behave aggressively. Painting preference study choose paintings you like while experimenter nods his head, people changed preference to the ones the experimenter nodded on Function of Subliminal Mind Our brains have more to do than CNS mind can handle Subliminal mind picks up slack Subliminal mind as pattern detector Learn card game study unconscious mind picked up the game and participants played faster and faster Poster preference study Altered States of Consciousness Sleeping & Dreams Lecture Notes, Gabriel Psych101 Fall 2011 Section 2 Page 2 Hypnosis & Meditation Drugs and Alcohol Falling Asleep Thoughts become hazy React less to external stimuli Muscles relax Body temp, heart rate, and blood pressure slowly drop Level of serotonin in brain increases Sleep stages and brain waves Awake: Low-voltage, high-frequency beta waves Drowsy: Alpha waves prominent Stage 1 Sleep: Theta waves prominent Stage 2 Sleep: Sleep spindles and mixed EEG activity Slow wave sleep (stage 3 and stage 4 sleep) Progressively more delta waves (stage 4 shown) REM sleep (RAPID EYE MOVEMENT) Low-voltage, high-frequency waves Stage One Hypongenic sleep Feel a gentle falling or floating 5-10 minutes Wont think you were asleep if awoken Hypnogenic jerk being pulled very suddenly into stage 1 sleep Stage Two Minor noises wont wake you, but still relatively easy to awaken...
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This note was uploaded on 12/08/2011 for the course PSY 006904 taught by Professor Troisi during the Fall '09 term at SUNY Buffalo.
- Fall '09