The Hawaii Volcanoes National Park contains two of the world most active and accessible volcanoes, Mauna Loa and Kilauea. The volcanic activity present in this region permits an exceptional opportunity for island creation. Due to this activity, the landscape of the park is constantly changing. The climatic gradient varies with altitude from tropical humid to alpine desert. The park contains a high diversity of plant communities with physiognomic differences; 23 distinct vegetation types have been described for the park, ranging from the very diverse tropical rainforest of 'Ola'a to the scrub and grassland of Ka'u and the alpine tundra of Mauna Loa, grouped into five major ecosystems: subalpine, montane seasonal, montane rainforest, submontane seasonal and coastal lowlands.Temperature varies by elevation. Weather at Kīlauea's summit (4000' elevation) varies daily and may be rainy and chilly any time of the year. At the summit of the volcano, temperatures may be 12 to 15 degrees cooler than at sealevel. The coastal plain at the end of Chain of Craters Road is
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Mauna Loa, Hawaiian Islands, Kīlauea, Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, Hawaii Volcanoes National