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Ch 12 - Matching Questions Figure 12.1 Using Figure 12.1...

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Unformatted text preview: Matching Questions Figure 12.1 Using Figure 12.1, match the following: 1) Afferent impulses from all senses and all parts of the body converge here and synapse with at least one of its nuclei. Answer: D Diff: 1 Page Ref: 444; Fig. 12.11 2) Putamen. Answer: C Diff: 1 Page Ref: 443; Fig. 12.11 3) Anterior horn of lateral ventricle. Answer: A Diff: 1 Page Ref: 434; Fig. 12.11 4) Inferior horn of lateral ventricle. Answer: E Diff: 1 Page Ref: 434; Fig. 12.11 5) Part of the basal nuclei. Answer: B Diff: 1 6) Thalamus. Answer: D Page Ref: 443; Fig. 12.11 Diff: 1 Page Ref: 443; Fig. 12.11 Figure 12.2 Using Figure 12.2, match the following: 7) Pons. Answer: E Diff: 2 Page Ref: 443; Fig. 12.10 8) Corpus callosum. Answer: A Diff: 2 Page Ref: 443; Fig. 12.10 9) Caudate nucleus. Answer: B Diff: 2 Page Ref: 443; Fig. 12.10 10) Globus pallidus. Answer: C Diff: 2 Page Ref: 443; Fig. 12.10 11) Thalamus. Answer: D Diff: 2 Page Ref: 443; Fig. 12.10 Figure 12.3 Using Figure 12.3, match the following: 12) Site of efferent soma. Answer: C Diff: 2 Page Ref: 472; Fig. 12.31 13) Site of axons and afferent neurons. Answer: B Diff: 2 Page Ref: 474; Fig. 12.31 14) Site of sensory soma. Answer: E Diff: 2 Page Ref: 474; Fig. 12.31 15) Gray commissure. Answer: A Diff: 1 Page Ref: 472; Fig. 12.31 16) Horn usually containing interneurons. Answer: B Diff: 2 Page Ref: 472; Fig. 12.31 17) Site containing central canal. Answer: A Diff: 1 Page Ref: 472; Fig. 12.31 18) Multipolar neurons are common here. Answer: C Diff: 2 Page Ref: 472; Fig. 12.31 Match the following: 19) Auditory area. Answer: A Diff: 1 Page Ref: 440 20) Primary sensory cortex. Answer: D Diff: 1 Page Ref: 439: Fig. 12.9 21) Somatic motor cortex. Answer: C Diff: 1 Page Ref: 438; Fig. 12.9 22) Motor speech area. Answer: C Diff: 1 Page Ref: 438; Fig. 12.9 23) Premotor area. Answer: C Diff: 1 Page Ref: 439; Fig. 12.8 24) Visual area. Answer: B Diff: 1 Page Ref: 440; Fig. 12.8 25) Language/speech comprehension area. Answer: A Diff: 1 Page Ref: 438; Fig. 12.9 26) Taste (gustatory) area. Answer: D Diff: 1 Page Ref: 440; Fig. 12.9 27) Seat of intelligence, abstract reasoning. Answer: C Diff: 2 Page Ref: 439; Fig. 12.8 A) Temporal B) Occipital C) Frontal D) Parietal Match the following: 28) A major relay station for sensory information ascending to primary sensory areas of the cerebral cortex. Contains many specialized nuclei. Answer: C Diff: 1 Page Ref: 443; Fig. 12.12 29) This brain area associates experiences necessary for the production of abstract ideas, judgment, and conscience. Answer: B Diff: 1 Page Ref: 441; Fig. 12.8 30) The axons from this area form the major pyramidal tracts. Answer: A Diff: 1 Page Ref: 438; Fig. 12.9 31) This area is the main visceral control center of the body. Answer: D Diff: 1 Page Ref: 446; Fig. 12.12 A) Primary motor cortex B) Prefrontal area C) Thalamus D) Hypothalamus Match the following stages of sleep with their descriptions: 32) The stage when vital signs (blood A) Stage 2 pressure, heart rate, and body temperature) reach their lowest normal B) Stage 4 levels. Answer: B C) Stage 3 Diff: 1 Page Ref: 458; Fig. 12.21 D) REM 33) Indicated by movement of the eyes under the lids; dreaming occurs. E) Stage 1 Answer: D Diff: 1 Page Ref: 458; Fig. 12.21 34) Theta and delta waves begin to appear. Answer: C Diff: 1 Page Ref: 459; Fig. 12.21 35) Very easy to awaken; EEG shows alpha waves; may even deny being asleep. Answer: E Diff: 1 Page Ref: 459; Fig. 12.21 36) Typified by sleep spindles. Answer: A Diff: 1 Page Ref: 458; Fig. 12.21 37) Begins about 90 minutes after the onset of sleep. Answer: D Diff: 1 Page Ref: 458; Fig. 12.21 38) Necessary for emotional health; may be neural ʺdebugging.ʺ Answer: D Diff: 3 Page Ref: 459; Fig. 12.21 True/False Questions 1) NREM sleep normally exhibits four distinct stages, which appear to alternate. Answer: TRUE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 459-460 2) Petit mal seizures found in children generally go away with age. Answer: TRUE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 457 3) NREM sleep episodes are frequently associated with erection of the penis. Answer: FALSE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 458 4) A flat EEG is a good indication of deep sleep. Answer: FALSE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 457 5) Theta waves are a brain wave pattern that can be seen during deep sleep and during anesthesia. Answer: FALSE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 456 6) One disorder of the substantia nigra is Parkinsonʹs disease. Answer: TRUE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 449, 469 7) Cell bodies of the somatic motor neurons of the spinal nerves are located in the ventral horn of the spinal cord. Answer: TRUE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 472 8) Meningitis is the most accurate term for inflammation of neurons. Answer: FALSE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 465 9) The spinal cord ends at the level of L1. Answer: TRUE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 470 10) Cerebrospinal fluid circulates within the ventricles of the brain and in the subarachnoid space outside the brain. Answer: TRUE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 433-434 11) The terms fainting and syncope describe the same thing. Answer: TRUE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 458 12) The RAS is comprised of specific pathways primarily in the limbic system. Answer: FALSE Diff: 2 Page Ref: 456 13) Nondeclarative memories preserve the context in which they are learned. Answer: FALSE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 461-462 14) The first obvious sign that the nervous system is forming in the embryo is the thickening of the surface ectoderm to form the neural plate. Answer: TRUE Diff: 2 Page Ref: 431 15) The left cerebral hemisphere is usually dominant. Answer: TRUE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 441 16) The limbic system acts as our emotional, or affective, brain. Answer: TRUE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 454 17) The canal connecting the third and fourth ventricles and running through the midbrain is the foramen of Monro. Answer: FALSE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 434 18) Commissural fibers form the corpus striatum. Answer: FALSE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 443 19) A disturbance of posture, muscle tremors at rest, and uncontrolled muscle contraction are all symptoms of damage to the basal nuclei. Answer: TRUE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 443 20) Projection fibers in the brain connect the right and left hemispheres. Answer: FALSE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 443 21) Most of the ascending and descending pathways to and from the brain cross over from one side of the body to the other. Answer: TRUE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 474-475 22) The primary visual cortex contains a map of visual space. Answer: TRUE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 440 23) One functional center found within the medulla oblongata is a respiratory center involved in the control of the rate and depth of breathing. Answer: TRUE Diff: 2 Page Ref: 451 24) Sorting of sensory information and relaying it to the appropriate cerebral sensory area occurs in the hypothalamus. Answer: FALSE Diff: 2 Page Ref: 446 25) Sensory areas of the cortex for the genitals are located deep in the postcentral gyrus. Answer: TRUE Diff: 2 Page Ref: 436, 438 26) Embryonic damage to the mesencephalon could result in improper formation of the midbrain. Answer: TRUE Diff: 3 Page Ref: 433 Multiple-Choice Questions 1) The nonspecific ascending pathways ________. A) re evolutionarily newer than the specific pathways a B) eceive inputs from a single type of sensory receptor r C) re involved in the emotional aspects of perception a D) re also called the lemniscal system a Answer: C Diff: 1 Page Ref: 475-476 2) The superchiasmatic nucleus is found in the ________. A) ons p B) halamus t C) ypothalamus h D) edulla m Answer: C Diff: 1 Page Ref: 446 3) Nuclei of cranial nerves V, VI, and VII are found in the ________. A) idbrain m B) edulla m C) ons p D) erebrum c Answer: C Diff: 1 Page Ref: 450-451 4) The arbor vitae refers to ________. A) erebellar gray matter c B) erebellar white matter c C) he pleatlike convolutions of the cerebellum t D) locculonodular nodes f Answer: B Diff: 1 Page Ref: 453 5) The brain stem consists of the ________. A) erebrum, pons, midbrain, and medulla c B) idbrain, medulla, and pons m C) ons, medulla, cerebellum, and midbrain p D) idbrain only m Answer: B Diff: 1 Page Ref: 447-448 6) The primary auditory cortex is located in the ________. A) refrontal lobe p B) rontal lobe f C) emporal lobe t D) arietal lobe p Answer: C Diff: 1 Page Ref: 440 7) Spinocerebellar tracts ________. A) erminate in the spinal cord t B) arry proprioceptive inputs to the cerebellum c C) ive rise to conscious experience of perception g D) re found in the dorsal columns of the spinal cord a Answer: B Diff: 2 Page Ref: 476-478 8) The spinal cord has gray matter on the ________. A) utside, white matter on the inside, and a dorsal motor root o B) nside, white matter on the outside, and a ventral motor root i C) nside, white matter on the outside, and a dorsal motor root i D) utside, white matter on the inside, and a ventral motor root o Answer: B Diff: 1 Page Ref: 470-471 9) The subarachnoid space lies between what two layers of meninges? A) rachnoid and epidura a B) rachnoid and pia a C) rachnoid and dura a D) ura and epidura d Answer: B Diff: 1 Page Ref: 464-465 10) The vital centers for the control of heart rate, respiration, and blood pressure are located in the ________. A) ons p B) edulla m C) idbrain m D) erebrum c Answer: B Diff: 1 Page Ref: 451 11) Cell bodies of the sensory neurons of the spinal nerves are located in ________. A) he dorsal root ganglia of the spinal cord t B) he ventral root ganglia of the spinal cord t C) he thalamus t D) ympathetic ganglia s Answer: A Diff: 1 Page Ref: 472, 474 12) The fissure separating the cerebral hemispheres is the ________. A) entral fissure c B) ongitudinal fissure l C) arieto-occipital fissure p D) ateral fissure l Answer: B Diff: 1 Page Ref: 434-436 13) The limbic association area of the multimodal association areas provides our ________. A) motional impact e B) orking memory w C) ecall and personality r D) earning abilities l Answer: A Diff: 1 Page Ref: 441 14) A shallow groove on the surface of the cortex is called a ________. A) ulcus s B) issure f C) yrus g D) urrow f Answer: A Diff: 1 Page Ref: 434 15) The cerebrospinal fluid ________. A) s secreted by the arachnoid villi i B) nters the four ventricles after filling and circulating through the subarachnoid space e C) s secreted mostly by the ependymal cells lining the brain ventricles i D) s formed mostly by the choroid plexuses i Answer: D Diff: 1 Page Ref: 465 16) If the posterior portion of the neural tube failed to develop properly ________. A) he spinal cord may be affected t B) he cranial nerves would not form t C) he hindbrain would not be present t D) he telencephalon would cease development t Answer: A Diff: 1 Page Ref: 431 17) The central sulcus separates which lobes? A) rontal from parietal f B) arietal from occipital p C) emporal from parietal t D) rontal from temporal f Answer: A Diff: 1 Page Ref: 434-436 18) Neural tracts that convey life-saving information to the brain concerning burning pain would be ________. A) nterior spinothalamic a B) eticulospinal r C) ateral spinothalamic l D) osterior spinothalamic p Answer: C Diff: 2 Page Ref: 477 19) Which of these would you not find in the cerebral cortex? A) ell bodies c B) endrites d C) nmyelinated axons u D) iber tracts f Answer: D Diff: 1 Page Ref: 436, 438 20) The hypothalamus ________. A) s the thermostat of the body since it regulates temperature i B) s an important auditory and visual relay center i C) as the Pulvinar body as part of its structure h D) ediates sensations m Answer: A Diff: 1 Page Ref: 446 21) The white matter of the spinal cord contains ________. A) yelinated nerve fibers only m B) nmyelinated nerve fibers only u C) yelinated and unmyelinated nerve fibers m D) oma that have both myelinated and unmyelinated nerve fibers s Answer: C Diff: 1 Page Ref: 474 22) A lateral tract in the spinal cord would be ________. A) ubrospinal r B) estibulospinal v C) ectospinal t D) yramidal p Answer: A Diff: 1 Page Ref: 478-479 23) An individual accidentally transected the spinal cord between T1 and L1. This would result in ________. A) araplegia p B) emiplegia h C) uadriplegia q D) pinal shock only s Answer: A Diff: 1 Page Ref: 478-479 24) Spastic paralysis suggests involvement of the ________. A) pper motor neurons u B) ower motor neurons l C) pinal nerve roots s D) euromotor junction n Answer: A Diff: 1 Page Ref: 478 25) Ridges of tissue on the surface of the cerebral hemispheres are called ________. A) yri g B) ulci s C) issures f D) anglia g Answer: A Diff: 1 Page Ref: 434 26) The frontal lobe is separated from the temporal lobe by the ________. A) ongitudinal fissure l B) ateral sulcus l C) entral sulcus c D) ranial fossa c Answer: B Diff: 1 Page Ref: 434-436 27) Brodmannʹs numbering refers to ________. A) olecular weight of types of neurons m B) ounts of neurons per fiber bundle c C) tructurally distinct cortical areas s D) ates of neural division in embryogenesis r Answer: C Diff: 1 Page Ref: 436 28) Two terms for the massive motor tracts serving voluntary movement are ________. A) yramidal and corticospinal p B) xtrapyramidal and rubrospinal e C) egmental and nigrostriatal s D) upplementary and cerebellar-pontine s Answer: A Diff: 1 Page Ref: 478 29) An individual who could trace a picture of a bicycle with his or her finger but could not recognize it as a bicycle is most likely to have sustained damage to the ________. A) alcarine cortex c B) rimary visual area p C) isual association area v D) ateral geniculate body l Answer: C Diff: 1 Page Ref: 440 30) Brocaʹs area ________. A) orresponds to Brodmannʹs area 8 c B) s usually found in the right hemisphere i C) erves the recognition of complex objects s D) s considered a motor speech area i Answer: D Diff: 1 Page Ref: 439 31) The function of commissures is to connect ________. A) djacent areas of gray matter within a cerebral hemisphere a B) orresponding areas of the two hemispheres c C) reas of cortex with lower centers a D) yramidal cells with corresponding cerebellar cells p Answer: B Diff: 1 Page Ref: 443 32) The blood-brain barrier is effective against ________. A) etabolic waste such as urea m B) utrients such as glucose n C) lcohol a D) nesthetics a Answer: A Diff: 1 Page Ref: 467 33) Which of the following is not part of the basal nuclei? A) utamen p B) entiform nucleus l C) lobus pallidus g D) ubstantia nigra s Answer: D Diff: 2 Page Ref: 449 34) All of the following are structures of the limbic system except the ________. A) ippocampus h B) ingulate gyrus c C) mygdaloid nucleus a D) audate nucleus c Answer: D Diff: 2 Page Ref: 454-455 35) Which of the following is not a midbrain structure? A) hird ventricle t B) erebral peduncles c C) orpora quadrigemina c D) ed nucleus r Answer: A Diff: 2 Page Ref: 448-449 36) The process of linking new facts with old facts already stored in the memory bank is called ________. A) onsolidation c B) utomatic memory a C) ong-term memory l D) ehearsal r Answer: A Diff: 1 Page Ref: 460-461 37) An electroencephalogram ________. A) s a record of total body electrical activity i B) ndicates a normal frequency range of 1-30 Hz i C) ndicates an average amplitude of 20-100 V i D) an only detect abnormal electrical activity c Answer: B Diff: 1 Page Ref: 456 38) The brain area that regulates activities that control the state of wakefulness or alertness of the cerebral cortex is the ________. A) halamus t B) eticular formation r C) yramids p D) imbic system l Answer: B Diff: 2 Page Ref: 455-456 39) Which of the following would you not find in normal cerebrospinal fluid? A) lucose g B) ed blood cells r C) otassium p D) rotein p Answer: B Diff: 2 Page Ref: 465 40) REM sleep is associated with ________. A) ecreased vital signs, such as heart rate and blood pressure d B) ecreased activity of the brain, especially the cerebral cortex d C) emporary skeletal muscle paralysis, except for the extrinsic eye muscles t D) ecreased oxygen use, especially in the cerebral cortex d Answer: C Diff: 1 Page Ref: 458-459 41) Mr. Hom was injured in an accident that completely severed his spinal cord at the level of T12. You would expect to find all of the following except ________. A) aralysis of the lower extremities p B) oss of sensation below the level of injury l C) lurred speech s D) erspiration in the affected area p Answer: C Diff: 2 Page Ref: 478-479 42) Injury to the hypothalamus may result in all of the following except ________. A) athologic sleep p B) oss of body temperature control l C) roduction of excessive quantities of urine p D) oss of proprioception l Answer: D Diff: 2 Page Ref: 446 43) White matter of the spinal cord ________. A) s composed of myelinated fibers only i B) scends to higher PNS centers a C) as afferent fibers carrying impulses from peripheral sensory receptors h D) ontains the anterior and posterior spinocerebellar tracts c Answer: D Diff: 2 Page Ref: 474-475 44) Which statement about aging is most accurate? A) he brain reaches its maximum weight around the seventh decade of life. T B) ynaptic connections are too fixed to permit a great deal of learning after the age of 35. S C) espite some neuronal loss, changing synaptic connections support additional learning throughout life. D D) earning throughout the adult and aging years is supported primarily by glial proliferation. L Answer: C Diff: 2 Page Ref: 481 45) Which association is most accurate? A) ensory-anterior s B) otor-medial m C) ensory-medial s D) otor-anterior m Answer: D Diff: 2 Page Ref: 438-439 46) Brain wave amplitude ________. A) eflects the number of neurons firing synchronously r B) s an average of about 1 V i C) esults from subtraction of delta waves from theta waves r D) s the measure of activity of specific individual neurons i Answer: A Diff: 2 Page Ref: 456-457 47) Declarative memory is not stored in the ________. A) ippocampus h B) mygdala a C) halamus t D) ammillary body m Answer: D Diff: 2 Page Ref: 461 48) Huntingtonʹs disease ________. A) egins to appear at ages 10 to 15 b B) as symptoms that are the opposite of Parkinsonʹs disease h C) sually subsides by ages 35 to 40 u D) ay be a result of a defective 26th chromosome m Answer: B Diff: 1 Page Ref: 469-470 49) The corpus striatum plays a special role in ________. A) ace recognition f B) act learning f C) patial learning s D) kill learning s Answer: D Diff: 1 Page Ref: 461-462 50) Storing information in long-term memory ________. A) epends on the remaining capacity of long-term memory d B) s interfered with by emotional arousal i C) s facilitated by the release of norepinephrine i D) s always dependent on the formation of conscious impressions i Answer: C Diff: 1 Page Ref: 461 51) Important nuclei of the indirect (multineural) system that receive impulses from the equilibrium apparatus of the inner ear and help to maintain balance by varying muscle tone of postural muscles are the ________. A) ed nuclei r B) estibular nuclei v C) eticular nuclei r D) uperior colliculi s Answer: B Diff: 2 Page Ref: 438-440 52) Which of the following structures is probably not directly involved in memory? A) ippocampus h B) edulla m C) mygdala a D) refrontal cortex p Answer: B Diff: 2 Page Ref: 462-463 53) The area of the cortex that is responsible for sensations of the full bladder and the feeling that your lungs will burst when you hold your breath too long is the ________. A) lfactory cortex o B) usatory cortex g C) estibular cortex v D) isceral sensory area v Answer: D Diff: 1 Page Ref: 440 54) Which statement about coma is true? A) oma is defined as total unresponsiveness to stimuli for a long period of time. C B) uring coma, brain oxygen consumption resembles that of a waking state. D C) oma is neurologically identical to syncope. C D) oma is rarely caused by damage to brain stem structures. C Answer: A Diff: 1 Page Ref: 458 55) Tremor at rest, shuffling gait, stooped posture, and expressionless face are characteristics of ________. A) untingtonʹs disease H B) arkinsonʹs disease P C) erebellar disease c D) pinal cord disease s Answer: B Diff: 1 Page Ref: 469 56)...
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