Information Processing Theory

Information Processing Theory - Running head: INFORMATION...

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Running head: INFORMATION PROCESSING THEORY 1 Information Processing Theory AED/202 April 17, 2011
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INFORMATION PROCESSING THEORY 2 Information Processing Theory The theory of information processing with cognitive development is a group of views showing humans as information processing systems. In which material is retrieved from the environment and then processed following with an output of information back into the environment. “The theory is based on the proposition that humans process the information they receive, rather than merely responding to stimuli. Many cognitive processes are involved between the reception of a stimulus and the response of the individual” Although not all theorists agree on everything in the information processing theory; they do agree on the key concepts. “The IPM consists of three main components, sensory memory, working memory, and long-term memory. Sensory and working memory enables people to manage limited amounts of incoming information during the initial processing. While long term memory serves as a permanent repository for knowledge” “Humans process information with amazing efficiency and often perform better than highly sophisticated machines at tasks such as problem solving and critical thinking” (Halpern, 2003; Kuhn, 1999), The first process in sensory memory is what is known as sensation; detecting what is in and what consists of a person’s environment. Everyone obtains input from his or her environments through the five senses; sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch. Information is then metamorphosed into more meaningful, useful information. “Sensory memory processes incoming sensory information for very brief periods of time, usually on the order of 1/2 to 3 seconds. The amount of information held at any given moment in sensory memory is limited to five to seven discrete elements such as letters of the alphabet or pictures of human faces” Therefore, if a child or adult “viewed 10 letters concurrently for 1 second, it is unlikely
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INFORMATION PROCESSING THEORY 3 that more than five to seven of those letters would be remembered. The main purpose of sensory memory is to monitor incoming stimuli and then process only” the most relevant at the current
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This note was uploaded on 12/08/2011 for the course EDUCATION aed/201 taught by Professor Thompson during the Spring '11 term at University of Phoenix.

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Information Processing Theory - Running head: INFORMATION...

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