Afam 101 Final Study Guide

Afam 101 Final Study Guide - STUDY GUIDE FINAL EXAM-AFAM...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
STUDY GUIDE FINAL EXAM --AFAM 101--McMillan-SPRING 2011 GENERAL INFORMATION: Your exam will consist of 20 fill-in the blanks and three short essays. Your exam will occur on May 5 noon-3 pm. Be able to discuss the following questions using SPECIFIC examples and citations from notes, readings (chapters 5 through 11), and videos (make sure to review the video guides in preparing for the final). 1. How did the Cotton Gin, the Haitian revolution, and westward expansion affect slavery in the United States between 1790 and 1820? What is significant about legislation controlling the institution of slavery? Britain led the world in textile manufacturing and as mechanization made the spinning of cotton cloth more economical, their demand for raw cotton increased dramatically. Eli Whitney’s invention of the cotton gin in 1793 allowed the U.S. to lead in filling that demand. Cotton became by far the most lucrative U.S. export and southern cotton production encouraged the development of textile mills in New England, thereby creating a proslavery alliance between the “lords of the lash and the lords of the loom.” Cotton reinvigorated the slave-labor system, which spread rapidly across Georgia and later into other southern states. To make matters worse for African Americans, the westward expansion of cotton production encouraged an internal slave trade. Masters in the old tobacco-growing regions of Maryland, Virginia, and other states began to support themselves by selling their slaves to the new cotton-growing regions. The Jefferson administration’s purchase of Louisiana from France in 1803 accelerated the westward expansion of slavery and the domestic slave trade. The purchase nearly doubled the area of the U.S. and it brought under American sovereignty those black people, both free and slave, who lived in the portion of the territory that centered on the city of New Orleans. Out of the two black groups their (slaves and creoles), at this time the slave population grew more rapidly. By the 1790’s sugar and cotton became the crops in the highest demand and as this demand grew, conditions for slaves in Louisiana became increasingly harsh, especially after the region became part of the U.S. Louisiana started to grow rapidly in numbers and this tremendous growth, involving an extremely harsh form of slavery in a huge region, constituted a warning to all opponents of that institution. With the termination of the external slave trade, the notorious slave markets of New Orleans became the dreaded destination of thousands of African Americans “sold south” by their masters in the domestic slave trade. By the 1790’s white Americans had begun a long retreat from the egalitarianism of the revolutionary era. In the North and the Chesapeake, most white people became less willing to challenge the prerogatives of slaveholders and more willing to accept slavery as suitable for African Americans. This outlook strengthened the slaveholders and their non-slaveholding white supporters in the
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 29

Afam 101 Final Study Guide - STUDY GUIDE FINAL EXAM-AFAM...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online