Final Religion Terms

Final Religion Terms - RELI 103 Introduction to the Hebrew...

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RELI 103 Introduction to the Hebrew Bible Important Terms: 1. Hebrew Bible/Old Testament- 3 sections: Torah (law), Neviim (Prophets), Ketuvim (Writings)- Old Testament ends with Neviim Hebrew Bible is called the Tanak- Its contents are the same as in the Old Testament in the Protestant Canon-Order of the books differs 2. LXX (Septuagint)- Koine Greek version of the Hebrew Bible. Translated between 3 rd and 1 st centuries (Oldest translation of the bible!) Able to spread the word of scripture to other cultures 3. Apocrypha/Deuterocanonical Books- Greek word meaning “those having been hidden away. “Deuteronomical”- belonging to the second canon 4. Tel- an articifical mound formed from the stratified accumulated debris of successive human occupations 5. Merneptah Stele- Incrsciption by the Ancient Egyptian King Merneptah Describes military campaign in Canon that is referenced in the Bible 6. Black Obelisk (+Shalmaneser III, Jehu)- Erected (ha) as a victory stele by the Assyrian Shalmaneser III Shows Israel King Jehu bowing in defeat (2 Kings 9-10)- This artifact corroborates biblical account of early Israelites (historical evidence)! 7. Pithom & Rameses- “Treasure Cities” built by Israelites during their servitude: “Land of Ramses”/”Land of Goshen(Pithom)” named changed after Septuigint- appear to be the same place 8. Shasu- Egyptian term for nomads- appeared in the Levant (15 th century BCE) Many believe they recorded the Merneptah Stele and later formed the Kingdom of Israel (they were the first Israelites) 9. Tel Dan Stele- Black basalt stele excavated at Tel Dan in northern Israel- Erected (ha) by Armenian King Inscription reads House of David- Good evidence and confirmed belief that it is a reference to the biblical King David 10. Pharaoh Onqsheshonqy (Shishak)- 1799 discovery of Egyptian relief depicted Pharaoh Shishak who is mentioned in 1 Kings 14:25-26 (further evidence of historical accuracy of the Old Testament) 11. Hammurapi- Ancient Babylonian King- created code of laws that are strikingly similar to those found in Exodus 12. Nebuchadrezzar- Great Babylonian King, Neo-Babylonian Empire (625-539 BCE)- Controlled Israel for a period of time 13. Tiglat-Pileser III (Pul)- Prominent king of Assyria (8 th century BCE)- regarded as founded of the Neo-Assyrian Empire Occupied and influenced Israel- Found in 2 Kings, 1 Chronicles 14. Sennacherib- Son of Sargon II- succeeded throne of Assyria. Waged war with Babylon and led a siege of Jerusalem but failed according to 2 Kings (the angle of Jehovah went forth and struck down the Assyrian camp) 15. Marduk- Mentioned in the ancient text Enuma Elish- describes a work in seven tablets of how the god Marduk became king of the gods and chief god of Babylon
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The text is very similar to Genesis 16. Tiamat- Mentioned in Babylonian creation story Enuma Elish- goddess of the salt waters 17. Cyrus the Great- Persian King that led a bloodless conquest over Nebuchadrezzar and the Neo-Babylonians in 539 BCE First leader in history to practice freedom of religion!
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