Poli 411 Midterm Study Guide

Poli 411 Midterm Study Guide - Civil Liberties and Civil...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Civil Liberties and Civil Rights (POL 411) Study Guide for Midterm Exam. Spring 2011 INSTRUCTIONS: The questions below should guide your preparation for the midterm examination. After attempting to answer the questions on your own, verify your answers to make sure they are logical and convincing. After studying the material on your own, feel free to discuss the questions/answers with your classmates. The exam will consist of 12 questions but you will be required to answer 10 briefly within the hour and fifteen minutes time allowed. Answer easy questions first. You will need to write fast but clearly. Come to class on time. Aim to demonstrate mastery of the material. Do not ignore case facts. But do not spend too much time memorizing them. Concentrate instead on the legal arguments, tests, and their political implications/significance. Note that this is just a study guide, not the exam itself. 1) THE LIVING CONSTITUTION A) What are the Articles of Confederation and what are its strengths and weakness? Have the Articles been abandoned? The Articles of Confederation, formally the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, was the first constitution of the United States and specified how the Federal government was to operate, including adoption of an official name for the new nation, United States of America . The Second Continental Congress appointed a committee to draft the Articles in June 1776 and sent the draft to the states for ratification in November 1777. [1] In practice, the Articles were in use beginning in 1777. The ratification process was completed in March 1781. Under the Articles, the states retained sovereignty over all governmental functions not specifically relinquished to the national government. On June 12, 1776, a day after appointing a committee to prepare a draft of the Declaration of Independence, the Second Continental Congress resolved to appoint a committee of 13 to prepare a draft of a constitution for a confederate type of union. The last draft of the Articles was written in the summer of 1777 and the Second Continental Congress approved them for ratification by the States on November 15, 1777, after a year of debate. In practice, the final draft of the Articles served as the de facto system of government used by the Congress ("the United States in Congress assembled") until it became de jure by final ratification on March 1, 1781; at which point Congress became the Congress of the Confederation. The Articles set the rules for operations of the United States government. It was capable of making war, negotiating diplomatic agreements, and resolving issues regarding the western territories. Article XIII stipulated that "their provisions shall be inviolably observed by every state" and "the Union shall be perpetual". The Articles were created by the representatives of the states in the Second Continental Congress
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 50

Poli 411 Midterm Study Guide - Civil Liberties and Civil...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online