Indian Boarding School Essay.edited.doc - 1 Indian Boarding...

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1Indian Boarding SchoolsStudent NameSaint Leo UniversityHTY 110HM: Native American History and LifeProf NameApril 18, 2020
INDIAN BOARDING SCHOOLS.Indian Boarding SchoolsModernization and formal education were brought into the US by the English, but it did not reach the Native Americans until the westward expansion. The English had gained power over the Native Americans to the extent that the natives had no control and contributions over the decisions that were being administered over them. The Native Indians were left out and treated in a manner that explained that they were not appreciated. The sidelining of the ancient Indians in matters about development led to the introduction of American Indian boarding schools by reformers. The main idea behind the opening of the Indian boarding schools were to detribalize, Christianize, and Americanize the Native Indian offspring. The reformers had gotten tired of fighting physical wars with the Indians and, therefore, had to resort to a more amicable method of conquering the Indians. Boarding schools were built on the larger reservations to accommodate as many native American children as possible and keep them from home. The reformers’ idea could, however, not work a hundred percent affectivity since the boarding schools and homes were built on the same reservations, the children would be in close contact with their families. Therefore, the Indian identity could not be entirely erased from the children. The whole idea of having Indian boarding schools came from Richard Henry Pratt, who was a captain in the civil war when he established the Carlisle Indian Industrial School in 1987 in army barracks that were left behind and unused to teach the Indians on his ideologies(Townsend,2018). The first students in this school were Indians who were bought in from the surrounding areas. These detainees were made to change their hairstyles into short, wear military combat, and study English. The ideology of Richard Henry Pratt was to detribalize the Indians. However, this did not go unnoticed, numerous renowned criticizers of the boarding schools included Kenneth W. Townsend and Mark A. Nicholas. Mark A. Nicholas quotes that the Initial assimilation dogmata were to grab Native 2
INDIAN BOARDING SCHOOLS.Indian land.” In contrast, Kenneth W. Townsend quotes that the youngsters from various tribes were only to communicate to one another only in English, leading to the reinforcement of the abolition of native languages.”Authors’ work and life experiences Mark Nicholas is fully convinced that the intentions of the early assimilation policies that were being imposed by the government were aimed at stealing the native land of the native Americans. Mark Nicholas has studied in Santa Fe Indian School, which is one of the

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