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Medieval+Period - Medieval Period(c 400-1400 Historical...

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Medieval Period (c. 400-1400) Historical Context: 1. Instability - large number of invasions - plagues - poverty 2. Church - power, money, education - standardization of liturgy and education - Office - Mass Musical Characteristics 1. incredible number of innovations a. notation b. move from free rhythms to notated rhythms c. shift from monophony to polyphony 2. use of medieval modes – diatonic scales which are neither major nor minor 3. primarily vocal music 4. primarily secular music; towards the end of the period there is an increasing secularization of music 5. principal genres —a general category of music determined partly by the number and kinds of instruments or voices involved, and partly by its form, style, or purpose a. plainchant genres (antiphon, sequence, hymn) b. organum c. Mass d. motet 6. principal composers—Anonymous, Hildegard of Bingen, Léonin, Pérotin, de Vitry, Machaut Plainchant (a.k.a. Gregorian chant) Characteristics 1. texture—monophonic - distinction between syllabic and melismatic text settings 2. rhythm—free, not notated precisely 3. meter—nonmetric 4. medieval modes 5. vocal
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