Baroque+Instrumental+Music+I - Late Baroque Concerto(3...

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Baroque (1600-1750) Late Baroque (1700-1750) Dualism: Absolutism Science Extravagance Control Pomp System Three Main Institutions: Church Court Opera House Human Expression - carry over from the Renaissance - led to fascination with theatre - Doctrine of the Affections Instrumental Music - structural elements of Baroque music had developed enough so that the music could stand alone (without the need for texts and voices) - Stradivarius Major Composers of the Late Baroque Antonio Vivaldi Johann Sebastian Bach George Friedrich Handel Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741) - Italian composer and virtuoso violinist - Seminario Musicale dell’Ospedale della Pietà - wrote over 400 concertos Violin Concerto in G, La Stravaganza Op. 4, No. 12 (1712-13) concerto —a multi-movement work for soloist and orchestra movement —a self-contained section of music that is part of a larger work
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Unformatted text preview: Late Baroque Concerto (3 movements) 1. bright extroverted FAST 2. quieter, emotional SLOW 3. light FAST Ritornello Form —focuses on the contrast between 2 musical ideas (1 belonging to the orchestra, 1 belonging to the soloist(s)) RIT [RIT] [RIT] RIT Solo 1 Solo 2 Solo 3 RIT = ritornello —the orchestral music that typically starts the movement [RIT] = partial return of the ritornello For the Vivaldi Concerto, the first and third movements are in Ritornello form, the second is a variation form over a ground bass. J.S. Bach Brandenburg Concertos- set of 6 concerto grossi - concerto grosso —concerto for a group of several solo instruments and orchestra Brandenburg Concerto No. 5, 1 st movement- solo instruments: flute, violin, harpsichord - ritornello form - cadenza —improvisatory solo passage within a larger piece - use of the harpsichord...
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Baroque+Instrumental+Music+I - Late Baroque Concerto(3...

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