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History Question - reclaim anything over that and...

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Breone Mikell History October 15, 2008 What social, political, and economic problems did Rome face in the second century B.C.? How did Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus propose to solve those problems? Why did reform fail? Some social, political, and economic problems Rome faced in the second century are that the rich got richer and the poor got poorer. The land was dominated by patricians. Many veterans returning from the wars found it impossible or unprofitable to go back to their farms. The upper classes had capital to operate most of the estates because of profits from the war. Large landholders obtained great quantities of public land and forced small farmers from it. This separated the people of Rome and Italy, into rich and poor. Ultimately, this resulted to political, social, and constitutional conflict that would threaten the existence of the republic. Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus tried several things to solve these problems. Tiberius tries to draft a bill that would allow holders of the land to retain as many as three hundred acres but the state would
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Unformatted text preview: reclaim anything over that and redistribute it in small lots to the poor. Tiberius put the bill before the tribal assembly and M. Octavius, but he interposed his veto. The Senate also denied him. He proposed a second bill, which passed the assembly, provided for a commission to carry it out. He announced his second successive term, which was another blow at tradition. At the election a riot broke out and Tiberius was killed and was thrown into the Tiber River. Gaius received the agrarian commission, proposed to establish new colonies, and put through a law turning over to the equestrian order the privilege of collecting its revenue. The reform failed because the Senate drove a wedge between Gaius and his supporters. He was not reelected. The Senate invented an extreme decree ordering the consuls to see it that no harm came to the republic. This decree established martial law and Gaius was hunted and killed....
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