1_CrossingRubicon

1_CrossingRubicon - 2/20/2009 1 Clio and Caves: Clio and...

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Unformatted text preview: 2/20/2009 1 Clio and Caves: Clio and Caves: Dr. Minors Principles of Dr. Minors Principles of History History Clio: The Muse of History Greek: Kleio To tell Crossing the Rubicon: Crossing the Rubicon: Imperial Rome and the Imperial Rome and the Rise of Christianity Rise of Christianity 2/20/2009 2 The eternal city came to dominate much of the ancient Westand was the seedbed of the Middle Ages Roman Senate Equestrians Nobiles 2/20/2009 3 The 3 Punic Wars deteriorated the position and efficacy of Romes citizen-soldiers Latifundium in modern Spain So What? Smaller army Higher Taxes Urban Proletariat Tiberius and Gaius Gracchusthe Gracchi proposed sweeping land sweeping land reforms to offset the impact of the rise of latifundia 2/20/2009 4 The Gracchi Land Reforms Cost Tiberius his life Reactionary rather than revolutionary Actually worked Gaius carried on Senate Reaction? Senatus consultum ultimum Marius Not only restored the army to prominence in Rome, but made it the foremost power in the Empire Rome was now Italy, and Italy Rome The Italian War tied Rome to its Italian allies politically and militarily 2/20/2009 5 Sulla Fought with Marius for military command and bisected Roman politics in the process Marius vs. Sulla: What (or Who) Else Lay Ahead for the Roman Republic? Crassus, Pompey, and Caesar vied for dominance and changed the face of Roman republicanism Two Heroes for the Senate Crassus took on Spartacus slave rebellion Pompey earned favor with skilled warfare in Spain 2/20/2009 6 Cicero Worked to restore a concord of the orders But Senate wary of Pompey . . . And anyone else with too much popularity or loyalty If you cant beat em: rejected by the Senate, Julius Caesar joined forces with fellow forces with fellow...
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This note was uploaded on 12/07/2011 for the course EUH 2001 taught by Professor Staff during the Summer '10 term at Santa Fe College.

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1_CrossingRubicon - 2/20/2009 1 Clio and Caves: Clio and...

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