sciofaddiction

sciofaddiction - V IO R ES TH IE C CE N O N TI D N A S, N...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–6. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
National Institutes of Health U.S. Department of Health and Human Services T H E S C I N O F A D R U G , B V
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This publication is in the public domain and may be used or reproduced in its entirety without permission from NIDA. Citation of the source is appreciated. NIH Pub No. 10-5605 Printed April 2007 Revised February 2008 Revised August 2010
Background image of page 2
Preface. ........................................................................................................................................................................... 1 Introduction. ................................................................................................................................................................... 3 I. Drug Abuse and Addiction . .......................................................................................................................................... 5 II. Preventing Drug Abuse: The Best Strategy. ................................................................................................................ 11 III. Drugs and the Brain. ............................................................................................................................................... 15 IV. Addiction and Health. ............................................................................................................................................... 21 V. Treatment and Recovery. ........................................................................................................................................... 25 VI. Advancing Addiction Science and Practical Solutions. .............................................................................................. 29 I CONTENTS
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
“Drug addiction is a brain disease that can be treated.” Nora D. Volkow, M.D. Director National Institute on Drug Abuse
Background image of page 4
How Science Has Revolutionized the Understanding of Drug Addiction T hroughout much of the last century, scientists studying drug abuse labored in the shadows of powerful myths and misconceptions about the nature of addiction. When science began to study addictive behavior in the 1930s, people addicted to drugs were thought to be morally flawed and lacking in willpower. Those views shaped society’s responses to drug abuse, treating it as a moral failing rather than a health problem, which led to an emphasis on punitive rather than preventative and therapeutic actions. Today, thanks to science, our views and our responses to drug abuse have changed dramatically. Groundbreaking discoveries about the brain have revolutionized our understanding of drug addiction, enabling us to respond effectively to the problem. As a result of scientific research, we know that addiction is a disease that affects both brain and behavior. We have identified many of the biological and environmental factors and are beginning to search for the genetic variations that contribute to the development and progression of the disease. Scientists use this knowledge to develop effective prevention and treatment approaches that reduce the toll drug abuse takes on individuals, families, and communities. Despite these advances, many people today do not understand why individuals become addicted to drugs or how drugs change the brain to foster compulsive drug abuse. This booklet aims to fill that knowledge gap by providing scientific information about the disease of drug addiction, including the many harmful consequences of drug abuse and the basic approaches that have been developed to prevent and treat the disease. At the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), we believe that increased understanding of the basics of addiction will empower people to make informed choices in their own lives, adopt science-based policies and programs that reduce drug abuse and addiction in their communities, and support scientific research that improves the Nation’s well-being.
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 6
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 12/09/2011 for the course CHEM 1 taught by Professor Staff during the Summer '11 term at Simon Fraser.

Page1 / 36

sciofaddiction - V IO R ES TH IE C CE N O N TI D N A S, N...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 6. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online