Unformatted text preview: The Boers (which means "farmers") established two independent republics, the Orange Free State and the Transvaal South African Republic, surrounded on the south, west, and north by British territories. These two nations were agricultural, conservative, and anti-British as well as anti-native, and fiercely independent. However, independence did not last long. When diamonds and gold were found in the Transvaal, there was a great influx of people in the 1870s and 1880s from all over the world, but the greatest number came from the British territories immediately south and east. The Boers disliked and feared this invasion, and there was much ill- feeling between the Boers and the newcomers. The British diamond millionaire, Cecil Rhodes, determined he would see the two Boer republics taken under the British flag as part of his dream of a British African empire stretching from Egypt in the north down to Cape Colony in the south. He and British African empire stretching from Egypt in the north down to Cape Colony in the south....
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- Fall '09
- Boers, Transvaal South African