When Germany attacked Poland, and France and Britain then declared war, the question of whether or not South Africa would enter the war on Britain's side was doubtful, but the Smuts government won and Parliament passed a declaration of war by a slim majority.The postwar years brought a great deal of upheaval to South Africa. The United party and more liberal parties were anxious to further industrialize the country, to bring in immigrants, to promote a policy of gradual or partial equalization of the various races — in other words, to bring South Africa more and more into line with twentieth-century ways and beliefs. The Nationalist party wanted to control immigration and keep the various non-European peoples "in their place." The Nationalists managed to win a very narrow majority in Parliament in the 1948 elections.
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South Africa., Native Reserves, various nonEuropean peoples, racially integrated universities, South Africa. Authors