However, Hesse has been worshiped by many college students who have made him a cult hero. Siddhartha and Demian, particularly, can be found in the curricula of some of the more progressive high schools. Ironically, Siddhartha is, among other things, one of the greatest criticisms of formal education that one could read, which is one aspect that makes it so appealing to today's readers.The reasons for Hesse's popularity stem from several factors. Initially, his wide-spread acceptance in the United States was due to the youth culture which identified with his alienated protagonists. Both a rock group and a California discotheque owed their names to Steppenwolf, which became a virtual Bible for the 1960s counter-culture. Also, a record album was entitled "Abraxas," after the Gnostic deity who is an integral part of Demian.
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