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However, Hesse has been worshiped by many college students who have made him a cult hero.  Siddhartha  and  Demian,  particularly, can be found in the curricula of some of the more progressive  high schools. Ironically,  Siddhartha  is, among other things, one of the greatest criticisms of formal  education that one could read, which is one aspect that makes it so appealing to today's readers. The reasons for Hesse's popularity stem from several factors. Initially, his wide-spread acceptance in  the United States was due to the youth culture which identified with his alienated protagonists. Both a  rock group and a California discotheque owed their names to  Steppenwolf,  which became a virtual  Bible for the 1960s counter-culture. Also, a record album was entitled "Abraxas," after the Gnostic  deity who is an integral part of  Demian.  Youths frequently heard themselves echoed when Harry 
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