Others have decided favorably that Cooper, in a "Preface" for The Deerslayer as well as in the "Preface to the Leatherstocking Tales," succeeded in his aims. Cooper expressed his intentions principally as the creation of the "beau ideal'' or highest possible embodiment of his characters, especially Natty Bumppo. Cooper's desire to present this 11 poetical view of the subject" is, however, tempered by his hope "to preserve the vrai-semblable." In short, he idealizes Natty Bumppo, but he balances this idealization with "traits derived from the prejudices, tastes, and even the weaknesses of his youth." If, as Cooper implies, the depiction of Natty Bumppo only emphasized the good side of his character, the reader would have perhaps rejected the hero as unrealistic, false, and unbelievable. Cooper's portrayal of characters has always been a point of controversy in any
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