The second major theme of the play is contradiction

The second major theme of the play is contradiction -...

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The second major theme of the play is contradiction. Throughout the play, Willy's behavior is riddled  with inconsistencies. In fact, the only thing consistent about Willy is his inconsistency. From the very  beginning of Act I, Scene 1, Willy reveals this tendency. He labels Biff a "lazy bum" but then  contradicts himself two lines later when he states, "And such a hard worker. There's one thing about  Biff — he's not lazy." Willy's contradictions often confuse audiences at the beginning of the play;  however, they soon become a trademark of his character. Willy's inconsistent behavior is the result of  his inability to accept reality and his tendency to manipulate or re-create the past in an attempt to  escape the present. For example, Willy cannot resign himself to the fact that Biff no longer respects  him because of Willy's affair. Rather than admit that their relationship is irreconcilable, Willy retreats 
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